The purpose of this publication is to show some changes in supply and demand correlations on the cereal market after Poland’s accession into the European Union. To meet the above objective there were compared some data concerning the volume of domestic cereal production and its cereal species structure, foreign trade balance, domestic consumption and purchase price levels. The formation of the above mentioned items was analyzed for two periods. The first one covered the years 1995-2003 whereas the second one was from 2004 to 2012. This allowed us to make some interesting comparisons through the prism of Poland’s accession to the EU. Additionally, long time series increased their reliability. To study supply and demand correlations, there were applied various statistical methods including dynamic indexes, trend models, analyses of correlation and various regression. A comprehensive analysis of the gathered research material allowed us to answer the question about some quantitative and qualitative changes which took place on the cereal market after Poland’s accession to the EU.
This article attempts to determine the most significant tendencies and changes observed in Poland’s core markets of agricultural products, which occurred during the period preceding Poland’s accession to the European Union (1994-2003) and after the accession (2004-2013). The key markets of agricultural products include markets with the largest value of commodity production during the analysed period, such as cereals, potatoes, sugar beet, rapeseed, fruit, vegetables, pork, beef and poultry, cows’ milks and eggs. The development of domestic production, consumption and real purchasing prices were observed and compared in order to achieve the main objective. The research was preceded by the characterisation of macroeconomic and resource conditionalities of agricultural production as well as the trade balance of the Polish agri-food sector. On the basis of the conducted studies, there were singled out three groups of markets in which the situation during the period following Poland’s accession to the EU developed in a similar way.
Andrzej Czyżewski, Maryla Bieniek-Majka and Dariusz Czakowski
Factors shaping supply-demand relations on the fruit and vegetable market in the light of the behavior of groups and producer organizations The authors have addressed the question to what extent the functioning of groups and organizations of fruit and vegetable producers depends on the market situation, the authors presented the shaping of supply-demand relations on the fruit and vegetable market in Poland in 2008-2016. They drew attention to the decreasing area of land intended for horticultural crops, with the simultaneous increase in the size of supply. They presented changing productive structures and showed changes in the market share of fruit and vegetable producer groups and organizations. They noticed that the market situation (prices, demand, costs, embargo) caused that the number of fruit and vegetable producers’ groups and organizations on the market decreased, which was reflected in the market situation.