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Open access

Dariusz Boguszewski, Beata Oko, Jakub Grzegorz Adamczyk and Dariusz Białoszewski

Summary

biological regeneration in athletes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the application of lymphatic kinesiotaping in reducing delayed onset muscle soreness of biceps brachii.

Material and methods: The study included 34 women, aged 18–27. In the test group of patients (n = 17) a lymphatic KT application was used. All of the women performed the arm strength trial (with IPFT) and arm muscle training (with a repeat of the trial 5 times 60–80% max). Other study tools used were an sEMG, VAS (pain assessment) and the Borg scale (subjective assessment of the intensity of effort). The measurements (arm muscles strength, sEMG, pain intensity, exercise intensity) were repeated at 24, 48, 72 and 96 hours after performing the exercise.

Results: The weakest results for the arm strength test were recorded in the second measurement in the test group, and in the third measurement in the control group. The pain level declared in the first measurement was similar in both groups. In the third measurement (48 hours after the exercise), the level of pain in the test group was significantly lower (p < 0.05) than in the control group.

Discussion: The kinesiotaping method can assist in reducing delayed muscle soreness, which was confirmed by the results of the tests. However, there is no evidence about the impact of specific types of KT applications on the reduction of the DOMS symptoms.

Open access

Dariusz Boguszewski, Małgorzata Buda, Jakub Grzegorz Adamczyk and Dariusz Białoszewski

Abstract

Introduction. The high demands imposed by judo with regard to physical fitness can predispose athletes practising this sport to injury. The aim of the current study was to determine the relationship between the degree of functional limitations and performance outcomes in judo athletes. Material and methods. The study involved 23 judo athletes aged 17-27 years. For the purpose of carrying out comparative analyses, the judokas were divided into two groups according to their level of achievement. The first group consisted of medallists in international tournaments and Polish championships, and the second group was composed of non-medallists. The research tool used was the Functional Movement Screen test battery, which included seven exercise tests whose performance was rated on a scale from 0 to 3. Relationships between variables were assessed using Spearman’s rho correlation coefficients. Inter-group differences were determined by means of the Mann-Whitney U test, and differences between the left and right side of the body in bilateral tests were examined using the Wilcoxon test (statistical significance was set at p ≤ 0.05). Results. The total score for the FMS test was significantly higher (p < 0.05) in judo athletes who had a higher level of achievement. Scores below 14 points, which were indicative of high susceptibility to injury, were received by two athletes from the group of medallists and 8 non-medallists. Major asymmetries were not found in the subjects; significant differences were observed only in the shoulder mobility test in senior judokas (p < 0.05) and non-medallists (p < 0.01). Conclusions. Judo athletes who had better performance outcomes in competitions had higher scores in the FMS test. Functional limitations can have an impact on the outcomes of performance in judo; their degree is indicative of the quality of the movement as well as of susceptibility to injury.

Open access

Dariusz Boguszewski, Jakub Grzegorz Adamczyk, Nina Urbańska, Natalia Mrozek, Karolina Piejko, Małgorzata Janicka and Dariusz Białoszewski

Summary

Study aim: the aim of this study was to assess the relationship between classical sport massage of the hand and the forearm and the surface temperature of upper limb muscles, and between hand grip strength and the range of motion in the radiocarpal joint.

Material and methods: study participants comprised 35 women not engaging in competitive sport, aged 19–23 years. Thermal images were taken with a Flir A325 camera. Hand grip strength was measured using an analogue dynamometer. The range of motion in the radiocarpal joint was measured using a goniometer. All tests and measurements were performed twice: directly before and after the massage of the hand and the forearm (of the right limb). Classical massage was applied on the dorsal and palmar surfaces of the hand and on the anterior and posterior surfaces of the forearm.

Results: after the massage, the temperature of the right limb increased significantly, as did the temperature of the posterior surface of the left limb. However, no change in temperature was observed on the anterior surfaces of the left forearm and the left arm. A significant increase in the range of motion in the right radiocarpal joint (in all planes) was observed. No significant differences in hand grip strength measured with a dynamometer were found before and after the massage.

Conclusions: while classical sport massage increases muscle temperature, it does not improve effort capacity, and therefore it is not a sufficient means of preparing an athlete for physical effort. The massage increased the range of motion in the massaged limb, which mostly indicates the relaxing effect of the treatment.

Open access

Dariusz Boguszewski, Magdalena Falkowska, Jakub Grzegorz Adamczyk and Dariusz Białoszewski

Summary

Study aim: To determine the effect of foam rolling on the functional limitations of the musculoskeletal system.

Material and methods: The study encompassed 37 healthy and physically active women divided into two groups. Group 1 comprised women who performed self-massage with a foam roller after physical effort twice a week, for two months. Group 2 (control) comprised women who did not undergo any exercises or treatment after physical effort. The study used the following research tools: the Functional Movement Screen (FMS) test, the Core Muscle Strength and Stability Test (CMS&ST), and the Sit and Reach Test.

Results: The study revealed that foam rolling minimized functional limitations (as measured with the FMS test). The differences between the first and second measurement in Group 1 were statistically significant (p=0.014). In the control group, the results of both measurements were similar. In the CMS&ST, the maximal result of three minutes was not achieved. Moreover, no improvement of results was observed. In the Sit and Reach Test, a statistically significant improvement in the flexibility of the posterior muscles of the thigh was noted in Group 1 (right lower limb p=0.009, left lower limb p = 0.007).

Conclusions: 1. Foam rolling may minimize the functional limitations of the musculoskeletal system. It is recommended to incorporate self-myofascial release techniques after physical effort into training. 2. Using foam rolling helped maintain the results obtained in the Core Muscle Strength and Stability Test. Therefore, foam rolling may help maintain the achieved core stability.

Open access

Dariusz Boguszewski, Sylwia Szkoda, Jakub Grzegorz Adamczyk and Dariusz Białoszewski

Abstract

Purpose. Massage therapy is one of most commonly applied treatments during athletic training. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of sports massage therapy on reducing post-exercise quadriceps muscle soreness. Methods. A sample of 29 women aged 24-26 years was divided into an experimental group (n = 15) receiving classic sports massage therapy and a control group (n = 14) given no treatment. An exercise session consisting of five sets of deep squat jumps was administered after which lower limb power as assessed via the vertical jump test. Muscle soreness was assessed using the visual analogue scale (VAS) and exercise intensity with the Borg Rating of Perceived Exertion Scale. Subsequent measurements of lower limb power and muscle soreness were performed 24, 48, 72 and 96 h after the exercise session. Differences between the measurements were assessed by the Friedman and least significant difference tests while between-group comparisons involved the Mann-Whitney U test. Results. The largest decrease in lower limb power was observed between the first measurement after the exercise session and 24 h later (p < 0.01). The smallest decrease in power was observed in the massage group. The highest levels of muscle soreness were noted 24 h post-exercise in the massage group and 48 h post-exercise in the control group. The experimental group showed a decrease in muscle soreness in each subsequent measurement, with the results close to zero on the VAS 96 h postexercise. Conclusions. Massage therapy quickened recovery and improved muscle efficiency post-exercise and may serve as an effective treatment of muscle soreness. The analgesic effect of massage suggests it should be widely applied in sport, physical therapy and rehabilitation.

Open access

Dariusz Boguszewski, Jakub Grzegorz Adamczyk, Sylwia Kowalska, Judyta Sado-Drapała, Monika Lewandowska and Dariusz Białoszewski

Abstract

Introduction. In the face of the more and more general threat with civilization diseases the promotion of healthy lifestyle should be one of main activities of educational and medical institutions. Aim. The aim of the work was comparison of chosen elements of healthy lifestyle between the young physically active women and non-sports ones. Material and methods. The survey was carried out on 156 women aged 18-35 years, divided into two groups. Persons physically active were classified into Group 1 (n=72), whereas into Group 2 - non-active ones (n=84). The investigative tool was the Inventory of Health-Related Behaviours by Juczyński (where health-related behaviours were rated in four categories: proper nutrition habits, prophylaxis behaviours, and positive attitude and health practices). Differences between the data were qualified with the t-student test for independent groups; level p≤0.05 was accepted as of minimum significance. Results. The results show that physically active persons pay greater attention to healthy lifestyle than non-sports people. The general indicator of health-related behaviours was noticeably higher in Group 1 (p=0.007). Greatest differences (p=0.008) were noted within the range of nutritional habits, and the least significant ones - in positive attitude (p=0.546). Conclusion. The positive influence of the physical activity on other aspects of the healthy lifestyle has been proven. It seems legitimate to promote physical activity among women of every age

Open access

Dariusz Boguszewski, Jakub Grzegorz Adamczyk, Katarzyna Kerbaum, Bartłomiej Antoniak, Anna Obszyńska-Litwiniec and Dariusz Białoszewski

Abstract

Introduction. Martial arts and combat sports are practical sports that are being practised by an increasing number of women. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between the ability of female judo, taekwondo and karate competitors to fall safely and their susceptibility to injuries during falls.

Material and methods. A total of 120 persons participated in the research. The study group consisted of 45 female judo, taekwondo (WTF) and karate Shotokan competitors; in the control group there were 75 persons who did not practise sport professionally. The research tools included the Test of Susceptibility to Injury during Falls (TSIDF) developed by Kalina and a questionnaire designed by the authors.

Results. The female martial arts competitors had considerably lower TSIDF results (p<0.001), which means that they made fewer errors when performing motor tasks. The mean result of the TSIDF was 2.48 for the study group and 6.08 for the control one. Significant differences (p<0.001) were found between the groups for all types of errors and all of the motor tasks.

Conclusions. Women practising combat sports and martial arts made significantly fewer errors in the Test of Susceptibility to Injuries During Falls, which can be seen as evidence for the practical usefulness of the training they are undergoing.

Open access

Dariusz Boguszewski, Jakub Grzegorz Adamczyk, Katarzyna Boguszewska, Dominika Wrzosek, Natalia Mrozek, Marta Waloch and Dariusz Białoszewski

Summary

Study aim: The objective of the study was to reveal the functional limits of the motor system in women practising combat sports and team sports.

Material and methods: 102 women (mean age 25.2 years, body mass 62.2 kg, body height 168.3 cm) practising competitive ITF (International Taekwon-Do Federation) taekwon-do (n = 22), Brazilian jiu-jitsu (BJJ) (n = 15), football (n = 35) and basketball (n = 30) participated in the study. The assessment tool was the FMS test, comprising 7 movement patterns scored on a scale of 0–3.

Results: The studied female athletes earned medium scores. Women practising combat sports scored generally higher in the FMS test, although the difference was not significant (combat sports – mean value 15.57 ± 2.39, team sports – mean value 14.72 ± 1.93, difference – p = 0.07). Statistically significant differences (p < 0.05) were observed in the second (hurdle step) and the fifth pattern (active straight leg raise – ASLR). The aggregated FMS results of female taekwon-do (15.77) and BJJ athletes (15.22) were similar. Significant differences (p < 0.05) were observed in one pattern (ASLR). Women practising football (14.77) and basketball (14.67) attained a similar level of results in the test. Statistically significant differences were noted in two trials: footballers scored higher in the ASLR task (p < 0.05), and basketball players scored higher in rotary stability (p < 0.01).

Conclusion: A statistically significant result in the FMS test was obtained by martial arts athletes, which may point to a higher level of functional movement, which may be a result of more universal training.

Open access

Joanna Gotlib, Anna Cabak, Ugur Cavlak, Stefan Janev, Irena Kunicka, Berta Paz Lourido and Dariusz Białoszewski

Streszczenie

Systemy kształcenia w rożnych krajach Europy rożnią się czasem trwania studiow, liczbą godzin oraz treściami kształcenia. Celem pracy była ocena satysfakcji ze studiowania studentow wybranych krajow Europy. Materiał i metody: przebadano 299 studentow ostatniego roku z 5 krajow: Bułgaria (BG) - 20, Hiszpania (ES) - 100, Łotwa (LV) - 21, Turcja (TUR) - 58 oraz Polska (PL) - 100 studentow. Anonimowe i dobrowolne badania, autorski kwestionariusz w językach narodowych. Odsetek zwrotu ankiet: 86%. Statistica 9.0, test Kruskalla-Wallisa, p < 0,05. Wyniki: większość studentow wybrałaby ponownie studia na kierunku fizjoterapia, mniejsza grupa PL deklarowała wybor tej samej uczelni (p < 0,05). W opinii 42% PL, 50% ES i 22% TUR liczba godzin praktycznych była zbyt mała (p < 0,05). W opinii 39% PL, 58% ES i 22% TUR czas kontaktu z pacjentem był zbyt krotki (p < 0,05). TUR (4,13) deklarowali większe zadowolenie ze studiowania niż PL (3,73) i ES (3,95) (p < 0,05). ES niżej (p < 0,001) niż PL i TUR ocenili wiedzę w zakresie podstawowych dziedzin klinicznych. 44% ES, 24% PL i 37% TUR czuła się przygotowana do poszukiwania pracy (p < 0,05). Wnioski: 1. System kształcenia może wpływać na poziom satysfakcji ze studiowania kierunku fizjoterapia. 2. Bez względu na system kształcenia studenci odczuwają niedosyt związany ze zbyt małą liczbą godzin poświęcanych na zajęcia kliniczne. Konieczne jest rownież zwiększenie liczby godzin przeznaczonych na przekazywanie studentom wiedzy na temat najnowszych metod stosowanych w fizjoterapii

Open access

Joanna Gotlib, Dariusz Białoszewski, Anna Cabak, Katarzyna Barczyk, Andrzej Bugajski, Joanna Grzegorczyk, Wojciech Kułak, Piotr Majcher, Olga Nowotny-Czupryna, Maciej Płaszewski, Katarzyna Prokopowicz and Janusz Sierdziński

Postawy studentów fizjoterapii wobec grupy zawodowej oraz towarzystw naukowych związanych z fizjoterapią i rehabilitacją

Cel pracy: celem pracy była analiza postrzegania postaw studentów fizjoterapii uczelni medycznych (PM), uczelni o profilu wychowanie fizyczne (PWF) oraz pozostałych uczelni (IP) wobec własnej grupy zawodowej oraz towarzystw naukowych związanych z fizjoterapią i rehabilitacją. Materiał i metody: badaniami objęto łącznie 593 studentóow 10 polskich uczelni: 4 PM, 2 PWF i 4 IP. Badania zostały przeprowadzone w marcu i kwietniu 2009 roku wśród studentów III roku. Udział w badaniu był dobrowolny. Narzędziem badawczym był anonimowy, autorski, kwestionariusz zawierający łącznie 88 pytań. Do analizy prezentowanych w niniejszej pracy wyników wybrano 5 pytań. Analiza statystyczna: test Kruskalla-Wallisa i test Chi-kwadrat (X2); p < 0,05, STATISTICA 8.0, licencja WUM. Wyniki: w badanej grupie dominowała opinia, że grupa zawodowa fizjoterapeutów w Polsce jest podzielona: 41% PM, 44% PWF i 39% IP (p = NS), jednakże duża grupa badanych nie miała na ten temat zdania: 41% PM, 40% PWF i 42% IP (p = NS). 25% badanej grupy studentów znało Polskie Towarzystwo Fizjoterapii jako organizację naukową zrzeszającą fizjoterapeutów: 33% PM, 35% PWF oraz 16% IP. Tylko 3% wszystkich studentóow potrafiło wymienić również Polskie Towarzystwo Rehabilitacji. Studenci PM i PWF istotnie częściej (p < 0,001) niż studenci IP znali towarzystwa naukowe. Najbardziej znanym czasopismem naukowym z dziedziny fizjoterapii i rehabilitacji była w badanej grupie studentóow Fizjoterapia Polska - 34% oraz Fizjoterapia 32%. Tylko 11% studentów znało tytuł: Postępy Rehabilitacji. Wniosek: organizacje zawodowe i naukowe zrzeszające fizjoterapeutów powinny podjąć działania promocyjne wśród studentóow, zachęcając tę grupę do czynnego udziału w swych pracach, co wpłynęłoby na ściślejszą integrację grupy zawodowej, która pozwoliłaby z kolei na skuteczniejszą walkę o własne interesy zawodowe.