Wind load design of the ground-mounted photovoltaic (PV) power plants requires interpretation of the design code considering the particularities of these structures. The PV power plants consist on systems of several solar panels. Wind load pressure coefficient evaluation, by design code, for a single solar panel considered as a canopy roof, neglect the group effect and the air permeability of the system. On the other hand, the canopy roofs are structures with medium serviceability, but the PV power plants are structures with low serviceability. This paper discuss the difficulties of the wind load design for the PV power plants ground mounted in Romania and compares the Romanian, German, European and American wind design code specifications with the parameters provided by the wind tunnel test, for this type of structures. For Romanian wind load design an evolution of the 1990, 2004 and 2012 editions of the design codes specifications is also studied. Evaluation of the internal resultants for the structural elements of the PV panel, considering the pressure coefficients and the force coefficients, conducts to different results. Further code explanations and design specifications are required for wind design of the PV power plants.
In this paper a functional model to estimate the inelastic displacement ratio as a function of the ductility factor is presented. The coefficients of the functional model are approximated using nonlinear regression. The used data is in the form of computed displacement for an inelastic single degree of freedom system with a fixed ductility factor. The inelastic seismic response spectra of constant ductility factors are used for generating data. A method for selecting ground-motions that have similar frequency content to that of the ones picked for the comparison is presented. The variability of the seismic response of nonlinear single degree of freedom systems with different hysteretic behavior is presented.
This article presents a comparative study of the values of hydrodynamic pressure and their resultants occurred during the seismic action using P100-1/2013 technical rules and the relations defined in the papers: , , and the Romanian standard SR EN 1998-4 (silos, tanks and pipelines), which is implemented in Romania. Two cylindrical tanks placed in the same seismic zone have been chosen, with the same amount of storage (about 5000 m3), but of different geometries, to illustrate the influence of hydrodynamic pressures on the construction size (long and short wall behavior) as a function of ratio of the fluid height on the cylinder radius and ratio of corner period on the eigenperiod of the fluid mass. Also in the analyses, in order to evaluate the hydrodynamic convective pressure both the fundamental period of oscillation of the fluid mass and the first ten periods of oscillation were used.
This paper presents an analytical study which deals with the behavior of the circular plates in bending theory, considering the soil-structure interaction under Winkler's hypothesis. It was intended to illustrate the variation of internal forces and deformations according to the flexibility coefficient of plates considering three models: a fixed solid circular plate subjected to a uniformly distributed load, a fixed solid circular plate acted by a displacement applied on the exterior contour and a solid plate subjected to a temperature gradient. For this study the computation relations were written as a product between a dimensional and a non-dimensional factor, the last one indicating the variation of internal forces and deformations. For each type of action there are presented results obtained using the finite element method to illustrate the differences between this method and the analytical computation.