The maritime environment protection is increasingly reflected in legal regulations regarding, inter alia, the harmful exhaust gas components emitted by marine combustion engines. The provisions imposing the emission limits for SOx, NOx and CO2 are included in MARPOL 73/78 ANNEX VI adopted by the International Maritime Organization (IMO). However, as of today, these provisions are not applicable to fishing cutters. One of the methods, both to decrease emissions’ volume and also to reduce the operating costs of ships, is to lower fuel consumption of marine energetic systems. The paper presents a proposition of energy-efficient and environmentally friendly energetic systems for coastal fishing cutters. It also demonstrates the importance of the said systems and includes the elaboration regarding the impact of fuel type, renewable energy sources and energy conversion methods on the hazards to the environment caused by the emission of harmful exhaust gas components. The presented solutions refer to fishing cutters of the length of 15-30 m and are categorized into two groups. The division criterion applied is an access to technologies currently available and future technologies enabling the use of alternative energy sources.