Stylianos Dalampiras, Georgios-Alexandros Vakirtzian, Foivos-Antonios Dalampiras and Maria Dalampira
Aim: To stress the importance of surgical planning when treating large dentigerous cysts.
Case Report: In a routine radiographic examination, a dentigerous cyst was revealed in a 20 years old male. A surgical approach that ensured the integrity of the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) was applied. The incision was exceeded to the mesial surface of the first molar in order to create adequate surgical field and visibility. The final result was that the exposed nerve was protected successfully.
Conclusion: This case shows the necessity of a meticulous preparation, even in routine operations.
Background/Aim: The Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is an immunologic entity, which is due to an RNA virus. AIDS is relatively easy transmitted and has a poor prognosis. The main mechanism of this Syndrome is characterized by the destruction and diminishing of T4 lymphocytes or helper/suppressor T-cells. Kaposi’s sarcoma is a neoplasm due to human herpes HHV-8. Kaposi’s sarcoma is one of the entities that determines the disease of AIDS. Kaposi’s sarcoma appears as skin lesions and attacks the oral cavity and lymph nodes.
Case report: A male patient, with HIV-syndrome, was referred to the Special Infection Clinic of the University Hospital with a chief complaint of having two lesions, in the oral cavity and in the right ear. The histological report revealed the diagnosis of vascular tumor having morphological and immuno-histochemical characteristics compatible with Kaposi’s sarcoma.
Conclusions: The doctor must be suspicious when lesions are observed, particularly in the oral cavity. A biopsy must be taken in order to obtain the correct diagnosis and examine the possibility of the presence of Kaposi’s sarcoma or AIDS.