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A. Winiowski and D. Majewski

Impact of Chemical Composition of Brazing Fluxes on Quality and Mechanical Properties of Titanium Brazed Joints

Titanium and its alloys are increasingly popular specialist structural materials used in modern technologies. In terms of operational properties, titanium is significantly better than other commonly applied structural materials.

A crucial welding-related issue of today is durable joining of elements made of titanium and its alloys. One of the most popular and recommended joining methods, particularly in case of thin-walled elements of complicated geometry is brazing. Due to high reactivity of titanium, it should be brazed in vacuum or very pure, chemically neutral, controlled atmospheres. Brazing of titanium in air atmosphere (flame or induction brazing) requires highly active, fluoride, specialist brazing fluxes.

Institute of Welding in Gliwice has conducted recipe- and technology-related research on brazing fluxes, which resulted in the development of a new flux characterised by high durability and good brazing properties. The article presents the outcome of the research, including the determination of the impact of the basic chemical components on the brazing properties of fluxes, preparation of recipes of fluxes and assessment of their brazing properties as well as the evaluation of quality and shear strength of brazed joints made with such fluxes.

Open access

A. Winiowski and D. Majewski

The article presents the course and the results of technological tests related to TIG-based arc braze welding of titanium and AW-5754 (AlMg3) aluminium alloy. The tests involved the use of an aluminium filler metal (Al99.5) and two filler metals based on Al-Si alloys (AlSi5 and AlSi12). Braze welded joints underwent tensile tests, metallographic examinations using a light microscope as well as structural examinations involving the use of a scanning electron microscope and an X-ray energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS). The highest strength and quality of welds was obtained when the Al99.5 filler metal was used in a braze welding process. The tests enabled the development of the most convenient braze welding conditions and parameters.

Open access

A. Winiowski and D. Majewski

Abstract

This study presents results of vacuum diffusion brazing of Grade 2 titanium with 6082 (AlMg1Si0.6Cu0.3) aluminium alloy using B-Ag72Cu-780 (Ag72Cu28) grade silver brazing metal as an interlayer. Brazed joints underwent shear tests, light-microscopy-based metallographic examinations and structural examinations using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray energy dispersive spectrometry (EDS). The highest quality and shear strength of 20 MPa was characteristic of joints brazed at 530°C with a 30-minute hold. The structural examinations revealed that in diffusion zone near the boundary with titanium the braze contained solid solutions based on hard and brittle Ti-Al type intermetallic phases determining the strength of the joints.

Open access

M. Różański, D. Majewski and K. Krasnowski

This study presents the basic physico-chemical properties and describes the brazeability of titanium. The work contains the results of macro and microscopic metallographic examination as well as the results of strength-related tests of vacuum and induction brazed joints made of Grade 2 technical titanium using the Cu 0.99 and Ag 272 filler metal interlayers and F60T flux intended for titanium brazing in the air atmosphere.

Open access

W. Simka, D. Majewski, G. Nawrat, A. Krząkała, Ł. Nieużyła and J. Michalska

Abstract

Investigations of voltammetry zirconium deposition from DMSO solution on different substrates were taken. It was found that this is multi-electron process proceeding in a few stages. Moreover, zirconium layers were obtained on titanium, copper stainless steel and nickel. Obtained deposit was in form of white powder, which immediately was oxidized to ZrO2 in the presence of air.