Impact of Chemical Composition of Brazing Fluxes on Quality and Mechanical Properties of Titanium Brazed Joints
Titanium and its alloys are increasingly popular specialist structural materials used in modern technologies. In terms of operational properties, titanium is significantly better than other commonly applied structural materials.
A crucial welding-related issue of today is durable joining of elements made of titanium and its alloys. One of the most popular and recommended joining methods, particularly in case of thin-walled elements of complicated geometry is brazing. Due to high reactivity of titanium, it should be brazed in vacuum or very pure, chemically neutral, controlled atmospheres. Brazing of titanium in air atmosphere (flame or induction brazing) requires highly active, fluoride, specialist brazing fluxes.
Institute of Welding in Gliwice has conducted recipe- and technology-related research on brazing fluxes, which resulted in the development of a new flux characterised by high durability and good brazing properties. The article presents the outcome of the research, including the determination of the impact of the basic chemical components on the brazing properties of fluxes, preparation of recipes of fluxes and assessment of their brazing properties as well as the evaluation of quality and shear strength of brazed joints made with such fluxes.