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  • Author: Cristiana Maria Enescu x
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Elena Valentina Stoian, Vasile Bratu, Cristiana Maria Enescu and Carmen Otilia Rusanescu

Abstract

The paper presents the study of internal defects resulting from the continuous casting of steels. The 50 samples were taken from a total of 20 continuously cast bits of different steel grades. The investigation of the causes of internal defects, shown on the analyzed samples, started from the assumption that the secondary metallurgy was performed correctly. The following internal defects have been evident: internal cracks (axial cracks, section cracks), central porosity and marginal punctuation impurities.

Open access

Ivona Petre, Elena Valentina Stoian and Maria Cristiana Enescu

Abstract

Following the sliding motion between two surfaces a heat release occures which leads to a changing of the mechanical properties of the surfaces in contact. Amongst the factors that influence the heat release one may name the loading, the velocity, the surface topography, the surface material, the lubrication and last but not the least, the environment.

The present paper proposes a computation model to determine the temperature in the working of a coupling to which the mechanical characteristics of the materials are not affected by changes which, at their turn, lead to undesired effects.

Open access

Elena Valentina Stoian, Maria Cristiana Enescu, Vasile Bratu, Carmen Otilia Rusanescu and Florina Violeta Anghelina

Abstract

Non/oriented electrical sheets are sheets tailored to produce specific properties and are produced from Fe-Si or Fe-Si-Al alloys. Non-oriented electrical steel sheets are incorporated into a wide range of equipment, from the simplest domestic appliances to hybrid and pure electric vehicles. In studying about the magnetic, there have a lot of method can be used for the different experiment requirement such as measuring magnetic flux, nominal loss and other objectives.

During electrical steel processing, there are usually small variations in both chemical composition and thickness in the hot-rolled material that may lead to different magnetic properties for the same steel grade. Therefore, it is of great importance to know the effects of such variations on the final microstructure and magnetic properties of these steels. The purpose of this work was to study microstructural changes of the bands investigated during processing occurring siliceous strips with non-oriented grains. The second aim was to study the influence of grain size on the total magnetic losses at 1.0 T and 1.5 T. Materials 10 rolls intended to be processed into quality electrical steel M400-50A (according to EN 100027-1) were analyzed with metallographic microscope Neophet 32 and the magnetic characteristics was made with Epstein frame according IEC 6040/4-2, with an exiting current frequency of 50Hz at 1.5T and 1.0T induction after aging treatment of 225°C for 24 hours. Sample for light microscopy observation were prepared by polishing and etching in 5% Nital.

Open access

Aurel Gaba, Vasile Bratu, Dorian Musat, Ileana Nicoleta Popescu and Maria Cristiana Enescu

Abstract

This paper presents solutions and the equipment for preheating combustion air from scrap aluminum melting furnaces through flue gas heat recovery. For sizing convection pre-heaters, there has been developed a mathematical model which has been transcribed into a computer program in C + +. A constructive version of the pre-heater was drawn up and a recovery heat exchanger was manufactured and mounted on an aluminum melting furnace. Both the functional parameters values and the reasons causing the pre-heater worning out, as well as the steps taken for sizing and the achievement of a new air pre-heater able to bear the operating conditions of the aluminum melting furnace are shown.