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Cosmina Flavia Bobar

Abstract

The principle of the best interests of the child is the basis for international or national normative documents adopted after the 1989 UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. They enshrine the prevalence of this principle in any decision that must be made with regard to the child, and regardless of its author.

In the matter of parental authority, the Romanian Civil Code subordinates parental rights and duties to this principle, placing the interests of the child above the interests of parents.

This study presents such aspects as referring to the principle of the best interests of the child, including from a historical perspective, while also emphasising concern in the doctrine for defining but also establishing criteria to appraise the best interests of the child, prior to the amendment of Law no. 272/2004 on the protection and promotion of children’s rights.

Open access

Daniela Cristina Cret and Cosmina Flavia Bobar

Abstract

One of the measures employed to protect an individual is guardianship. Legal norms treat guardianship aimed at protecting a person with full capacity of exercise in certain special situations in a different way than they do guardianship for minors or persons placed under interdiction. While guardianship for capable persons is governed by the rules of mandate, guardianship for minors and persons placed under judicial interdiction are subject to rules applicable to custody for minors (art. 171 of the New Civil Code). As follows, we shall analyse the legal provisions established by the New Civil Code in the case of guardianship for capable persons, emphasising novelty elements as compared to the previous regulation.