It is necessary to investigate, develop and promote architecture and built environment education in order to increase the civic responsibility towards the built environment and to create a functional, sustainable and aesthetic environment.
This type of education can and should lay the foundation for social responsibility but for this, we need to make children and young people understand what being responsible mean and that the city is the result of the involvement of all its inhabitants.
Forming such citizens that are able to understand the idea that active involvement and prospective thinking is the first step towards a sustainable transformation of society is a complex and lasting process, which is why it has to start from an early age.
Mari-Isabella Stan, Cosmin Filip, Dragoş-Florian Vintilă and Diana-Doina Ţenea
Abstract In order to implement Directive 2014/89/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a framework for Maritime Spatial Planning, Romania and Bulgaria are carrying out the “Maritime Spatial Planning for the Black Sea - the Romanian - Bulgarian cross-border area” project (MARSPLAN-BS). The impact of the implementation of the Maritime Spatial Planning (MSP) project on the Black Sea coast on the development of the coastal area requires an analysis that is carried out by the authors in this paper.
Eliza Elena Cinteza, Alin Marcel Nicolescu, Cristina Filip, Georgiana Nicolae, Gabriela Duica, Cosmin Alexandru Grigore and Hyam Mahmoud
Cardiac emergencies in children represent an extremely important issue in medical practice. In general, interventional treatment could be optional in many situations, however it can be indicated in emergency conditions. There are many diseases at pediatric age that can benefit from interventional treatment, thus reducing the surgical risks and subsequent complications. Balloon atrioseptostomy, patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) closure, percutaneous or hybrid closure of a ventricular septal defect, pulmonary or aortic valvuloplasty, balloon angioplasty for aortic coarctation, implantation of a stent for coarctation of the aorta, for severe stenosis of the infundibulum of the right ventricle, or for PDA correction are among the procedures that can be performed in emergency situations. This review aims to present the current state of the art in the field of pediatric interventional cardiology.
Mihai-Constantin Balaşa, Ştefan Cuculici, Cosmin Panţu, Simona Mihai, Alexis-Daniel Negrea, Mihai-Octavian Zdrafcu, Dorin-Dacian Leţ, Viviana Filip and Ştefan Cristea
Designing orthopedic implants with a long lifespan is essential for improving patients’ quality of life. It is necessary to develop new products with a high degree of personalization for the human body. Physicians and engineers analyzed the geometry and behavior of healthy joints’ motion under specific load conditions as well as the behavior over time and lifetime of orthopedic implants fitted to patients to improve their quality. The paper presents the way in which three-dimensional modeling techniques using specialized software (Catia, SolidWorks) can be combined with reverse engineering techniques (3D scanning) to optimize the design of orthopedic implants. The design of an implant consists of its three-dimensional modeling, as well as simulation of its integration into the human body, in order to analyze its behavior during motion. Therefore, it is necessary not only to 3D model the parts that make up the implant itself, but also to 3D model the bone to which the implant will be fitted. The paper highlights the complementarity of the classic modeling techniques with the reverse engineering techniques, which is necessary because the design of the parts that make up the implant itself can be achieved by specialized software modeling techniques, while the bones, having complex geometries, are better suited to 3D Modeling by scanning.