According to the IWA norms, the water loss category includes also the apparent loss water due to measurement errors of the water meters used at the connections. This paper presents the experimental results obtained during two years of registrations in TARGOVISTE’s Water Company network. A program for verifying the water meters used for connections has been implemented according to a statistical distribution, depending on the number of appliances and their dimensions. Using a theoretical simulation model, calibrated on the basis of the actual reference flows measured on the metrology approved measuring stand, a procedure was developed to assess the level of deviations in the fully metered water distribution network. Depending on the values of deviations and flows actually recorded by the meters in the distribution network, it was possible to estimate the percentage of the losses from the actually used water meters.
The implementation of proactive maintenance is a necessity required by the development of modern technologies for the monitoring and exploitation of energy facilities and equipment. An important advantage of proactive maintenance is to permanently monitor the technical condition of the plant and equipment by vibration measurements and in the correct diagnosis in order to reasonably plan the required repairs. Turbo-aggregates are autonomous complex installations for producing electricity in refineries that operate in high power and high-speed modes. To monitor and control turbine vibrations, vibration sensors (uniaxial, biaxial and triaxial accelerometers) and proximity sensors (for relative displacements and lasers) are columned on bearing housings that transmit signals to data acquisition and processing systems as well is the Vibro-Expret diagnosis system presented in this paper.
One important objectives of proactive maintenance are the knowledge of the technical state of machinery, the intelligent planning of interventions according to the diagnosis technique, identification and correction of assembling errors. The aim of this paper is to present a new case on the vibrations diagnosis of hydro-aggregate CAMPELA - CHE Dubasari (MOLDOVA). The VIBRO EXPERT diagnostic system used on the CAPMELA hydro-aggregate is designed to measure, monitor, diagnose, and analyze the technical and functional parameters in order to safe use of the hydro-aggregate turbine, using the vibrations data measurement. The proactive maintenance concept is being used more and more thanks to the development of these intelligent monitoring and control systems, in order to prevent interruptions due to major failures.
There is a direct analogy between the mechanical and electrical phenomena related to vibrations and electromagnetic oscillations in the RLC series AC circuits and an inverse analogy to the electromagnetic oscillations in the RLC parallel alternative current (AC) circuits. Direct analogy RLC series AC circuit refers to the connection between complex velocity and complex electrical intensity, mechanical impedance and electrical impedance, etc. Reverse analogy RLC parallel AC circuits refers to the connection between complex velocity and complex electrical voltage, mechanical impedance and electrical admission, etc.
In the engineering practice, knowing the technical condition of industrial equipment under operating results shortening of repairs, repairs machinery to smart planning based on the time evolution of bearing wear, detect and correct errors on their installation or repair. This is one of the most important objectives of proactive maintenance; maintenance engineer must follow and monitor the wear of equipment with moving parts to prevent damage and removing them permanently from service, ensuring repair costs as low as possible. The aim of this paper is to present a particular case study on vibro- acoustic diagnosis of equipment and components subject to wear during operation to prevent catastrophic damage, as well as human and material losses.