Cătălina Anca Cucoș, Radu Constantinescu, Ateș Barut, Iuliana Ionașcu and Constantin Vlăgioiu
Chiari-like malformation represents a congenital anomaly that affects the bony cranial base and the hindbrain, leading to fluid filled cavities formation in the spinal cord, condition named Syringomyelia. This paper aims to assess the variety of the clinical signs and to evaluate the magnetic resonance imaging findings in thirty- seven Cavalier King Charles Spaniel dogs. The study was performed over a four-year period, from 2013 to 2017, all cases underwent neurological examination, full diagnostic work-up, including magnetic resonance imaging scans of the brain, cervical and upper thoracic spinal cord. Thirty-seven dogs were included in this study, 23 females and 14 males, with a mean age of 3.6±2.1years. The commonest clinical findings encountered were neuropathic pain and vocalization, seen in all 37 cases, followed by scratching, facial rubbing, paw licking, air licking, tail chasing, seizures and unilateral facial paralysis. Different grades of cerebellar herniation and cervical syrinxes were noted in all cases, other magnetic resonance imaging findings encountered were medullary kinking, presyrinx and ventriculomegaly. In establishing the diagnosis of the Chiari-like malformation and Syringomyelia, the breed, clinical history and the symptomatology are very important, but only magnetic resonance imaging technique can provide quantitative assessment of the nervous system lesions.
Mihai Savescu, Alexandru Gabriel Neagu, Constantin Vlagioiu, Niculae Tudor, Teodoru Soare, Iulian Raus and Gabriel Predoi
Due to technological advances in bio-imaging in the last years, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is widely used as a noninvasive and non-irradiant tool for assessment and imaging diagnosis. In this study are presented two dogs with progressive clinical and neurological manifestations, following the discovered signs (head tilt and circling in the first case, respective epileptic seizures and ataxia in the second case), MRI evaluation was recommended. The imaging exams showed the presence of a mass, located in the third ventricle, with heterogeneous signal changes in conventional sequences T1, T2 and FLAIR. Unifying the imaging data with those of the histopathological examination it was possible to establish the diagnosis of choroid plexus carcinoma in both cases.