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  • Author: Claudiu Molnar x
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Intersphincteric Resection for Low Rectal Cancer – Case Report

Abstract

Introduction: Surgical treatment for low rectal cancer represents a challenge: to perform a radical resection and to preserve the sphincter’s function. We report a case of intersphincteric resection in a combined multimodality treatment for low rectal cancer, with good oncologic and functional outcome. Case presentation: We report a case of a 73 years old woman admitted in April 2014 in surgery, for low rectal cancer. The diagnostic was established by colonoscopy and malignancy confirmed by biopsy. Complete imaging was done using computed tomography and magnetic resonance to establish the exact stage of the disease. The interdisciplinary individualized treatment began with radiotherapy (total dose of 50 Gy, administered in 25 fractions) followed by surgery after eight weeks. We performed intersphincteric rectal resection by a modified Schiessel technique. There were no postoperative complications and the oncologic and functional results were very good at one year follow up. Conclusions: Intersphincteric resection, in this selected case of low rectal cancer, represented an efficient surgical treatment, with good functional results and quality of life for the patient. A multidisciplinary team is an invaluable means of assessing and further managing the appropriate, tailored to the case, treatment in the aim of achieving best results.

Open access
Supralevator Total Pelvic Exenteration Without Colostomy — Case Report

Abstract

Background: Pelvic exenteration is an ultra-radical surgical procedure described by Brunschwig in 1948, which attempts to surgically cure patients with recurrent pelvic cancer after radiotherapy. Several variants of pelvic exenteration are described that allow a more limited or extensive resection, depending on the stage of the disease.

Case report: We report the case of a 54-year-old woman, who was diagnosed with a tumoral rectovaginal fistula after a recurrent cervical cancer that had been treated with a total hysterectomy with bilateral adnexectomy and a left percutaneous nephrostomy, as well as interaortocaval lymph node resection. The patient had undergone a supralevator total pelvic exenteration with pelvic and interaortocaval lymphadenectomy. The reconstruction process included right ureterostomy, left nephrostomy, and colocutaneous anal anastomosis (Parks procedure).

Conclusions: Supralevator total pelvic exenteration provides hope for cure in patients with pelvic malignancies that reappear after radiotherapy. The restoration of the digestive tract and avoiding colostomy with a colocutaneous anastomosis increases the quality of life in these cases.

Open access
High Grade Uterine and Rectal Prolapse

Abstract

Introduction: Pelvic floor hernias are encountered especially in elderly women. A combined genital, bladder, and rectal prolapse poses treatment challenges in aged women.

Case presentation: We present the case of an 88 year-old patient, complaining of an intravaginal mass protruding for the last 3 months, rectal prolapse that occurred two weeks before admittance, accompanied by stress incontinence of urine and chronic constipation. Examination revealed a uterine prolapse with cystocele and a fourth grade rectal prolapse. We decided on a perianal and transvaginal approach, performing preliminary dilatation and curettage, cervix amputation, anterior colporrhaphy and colpoperineorrhaphy (Manchester procedure) with perineal rectosigmoidectomy using the LigaSure™ device, and coloanal manual anastomosis. Postoperatively the patient had no symptoms of stress urinary incontinence, bowel movement resumed in the fourth postoperative day, and the patient was discharged after seven days. One month after surgery the patient has both urinary and fecal continence, with no relapse in pelvic organ prolapse.

Conclusions: Encountering genital, bladder, and rectal prolapse in the same patient is quite rare, and its treatment can be difficult in aged women. Therefore, a less invasive surgical procedure, using the transvaginal approach, and a genital sparing surgery could be the key in cases like this.

Open access
Determination of Secondary Bile Acids in the Mice Feces. Controversies on their Involvment in the Pathogenesis of Colorectal Cancer

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of the study was to determine the level of secondary bile acids (SBA) in the diets and feces of mice and the variation of amount ingested/excreted if these SBA are administered as monotherapy or in 1:1 dose.

Methods: The mice were divided into 4 groups and fed for 140 days with different diets. The control lot received a normal diet and the others received diets supplemented with 0.25% deoxycholic acid (DCA), 0.25% lithocholic acid (LCA) and 0.125% DCA+0.125% LCA. After 140 days, the mice feces were collected and homogenized to obtain a mixture for each lot from which the determinations of the studied SBA were performed. For the mice food evaluation, portions of 10 g from each of the 4 diets were subjected to the SBA determination.

Results: The daily ingestion over more than 4 months of DCA or LCA added to the diet and administered as monotherapy determine a significantly increase of the SBA eliminated into the feces (the DCA level was 11x higher, and of the LCA 233x higher). If half of the LCA dose is replaced with DCA, the level of LCA in the feces gets comparable with that of the DCA (their combined amounts represents only 13x higher increase of these two bile acids in feces).

Conclusions: The simultaneous ingestion and excretion of DCA and LCA can be considered as a particular situation ruled by endogenous mechanisms. This behavior represents an important observation, knowing that the bile acids effects in the colorectal cancer are dose dependent.

Open access
Finding Romantic Images in Gynecological Pathology: Valentine Heart Shaped Uterus
Open access
Skin Lesions in a Daclizumab-treated Patient with Multiple Sclerosis

Abstract

Background: Daclizumab is a humanized monoclonal antibody against the D-subunit (CD25) of the high-affinity interleukin (IL)–2 receptor, used for the treatment of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis with a large spectrum of cutaneous adverse reactions. Case presentation: We present the case of a middle-aged man treated with daclizumab for multiple sclerosis, who developed skin reactions difficult to evaluate. A 4 mm punch-biopsy was taken from the plantar area. Histological examination of the biopsy revealed hyperkeratosis and acanthosis but no parakeratosis, while a discrete inflammatory infiltrate was noticed around vessels in the dermis. Treatment with fluconazole 50 mg/day for 10 days, moisturizers, and grade I topical steroids was followed by slight improvement of the clinical picture. Treatment with daclizumab was not discontinued. Conclusion: The clinical efficacy and side effects of daclizumab have to be reported and confirmed in clinical practice in the following years. Any clinical report can contribute to validate the efficacy and risk of the drug’s administration. Any type of adverse skin reaction must be reported for clarifying the diagnosis.

Open access
Congenital Malalignment of the Nails

Abstract

Congenital malalignment of the toenail is characterized by the lateral (rarely medial) deviation of nail plates that affects mostly the great toes from one foot or both, but has also been described on other toes, even on the hands. This nail disease is still considered a rare entity, although it is not a rare clinical observation in daily practice. We present a few cases in children and adults, highlighting the diagnosis made by clinical observation, regardless of the different grades of severity of the nail disease. Conclusion: It is of great importance to clinically recognize this entity in young children and to make the correct recommendations.

Open access
Multiparasitic Infection (Hydatid Cyst of the Spleen and Ascaris Lumbricoides Infestation) Mimicking an Acute Surgical Abdomen – Case Report

Abstract

Hydatid cyst involving the spleen is a rare clinical condition (0.5-4%). We report a case of multi-parasitic infection in a 62 year old female (hydatid cyst and ascaris lumbricoides infestation), confirmed during surgery. The purpose of the paper is to emphasize on the rare association of the two parasitic infections, affecting two different organs (spleen and jejunum). The combined symptomatology of the two parasites could mimic an acute surgical abdomen.

Open access