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Alina-Mihaela Fagateanu, Sergiu Ştefan Nicolaescu, Claudiu Vasile Kifor and Silvia Mărginean

Abstract

The need of high level prepared students into the private sector is continuously increasing because of the raised innovation level requested by market. In this case study, experts were involved from the private sector in collaboration with the academic sector for a career management project initiated for students; the monitored KPIs had a positive trend.

The purpose of the paper is to analyze and show the results of a project with big impact on the education of students from Romania and on the collaboration between the private and public sector. A model of career management is proposed, in which the knowledge is mobilized into a spiral of education levels with influence from the public sector, the private sector and the government. The positive influence of private sector it is highlighted and it is advised to introduce the management of career into student’s education.

Open access

Voidăzan Septimiu, Morariu Silviu-Horia, Căpâlnă Mihai, Mărginean Claudiu and Dobreanu Minodora

Abstract

Background. Cervical cancer (CC) is a major public health problem worldwide. Knowledge of human papillomavirus (HPV) genotype prevalence and distribution is important for the introduction of an effective vaccination program and the corresponding epidemiological monitoring. The aim of this study was to identify and analyze the distribution of high-risk HPV genotypes.

Methods. Data were collected from 136 patients for the detection of circulating HPV genotypes, where Pap test results revealed the presence of koilocytes or high risk (HR) dysplastic lesions, elements that raise the suspicion of HPV infection.

Results. HPV infection was identified in 72 (55.4%) of the patients tested, 34 (47.3%) with single infection, and 38 (52.7%) with multiple infections. Twenty-two different types of HPV were identified: 14 high risk HPV types, 7 low risk HPV types, 1 probable high risk HPV type. HPV 16 was the most frequently detected (55.6%) one, it was involved in single (15 cases) and multiple (25 cases) infections, primarily associated with type 18 (12 cases), and type 52 (11 cases). The presence of HPV 18 (29.2%) and HPV 52 (23.6%) was identified after HPV type 16.

Conclusions. Oncogenic HPV genotypes 16, 18, and 52 were most frequently associated in women with dysplastic lesions, which require the use of polyvalent HPV vaccines when assessing cross-protective effects of specific immunoprophylaxis programs.

Open access

Ion Mihai Georgescu, Monica Tarcea, Claudiu Marginean, Florina Ruta, Victoria Rus, Remus Sipos and Zoltan Abram

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate the relationship between the frequency of self-declared status regarding smoking in a group of pregnant women from Mures county, Romania and the high levels of Salivary Cotinine (SC) like biomarkers. Material and methods: It was conducted a retrospective study among 230 pregnant women presented for prenatal care at 50 General Practitioners cabinets in Mures county, Romania, in 2015. Data were collected with a validated questionnaire which included age, level of education, socioeconomic status and ethnicity, also the self-reported smoking status. The Salivary Cotinine level was evaluated using NicAlert Saliva test kits. Results: Using salivary test we identified a high prevalence of involuntary exposure to cigarette smoke among both non-smokers and those who quit smoking before pregnancy. Also we registered pregnant women that although declared smoking cessation before pregnancy their salivary Cotinine levels were high, almost like to an active smoker, probably because of second-hand exposure or because they didn’t say the truth about their habit. Conclusions: We underline the importance of implementing more efficient community interventions among this vulnerable group in order to reduce the frequency of smoking and sustain quitting.