This article focuses on the development of the mask design knowledge base, which is expected to be applied in a personalized mask design system. To realize the proposed knowledge base, a perceptual descriptive space of the mask is first developed for the description of both functional and aesthetic perceptions of a mask. The mask ontology is also developed to form the mask element matrix. Mask design knowledge is expressed as the relationship between the perceptual descriptive space and the mask ontology, which is extracted by a group of experienced designers through a sensory evaluation procedure. This relationship is then simulated by fuzzy logic tools. The proposed knowledge base has been validated that it is reliable. The personalized mask design system can be further developed with the propose mask design knowledge base.
Five types of polymerized whey protein (PWP1, PWP2, PWP3, PWP4 and PWP5) containing different amounts of fish oil were added to low-fat yogurt as fat replacers. The texture, apparent viscosity, and sensory properties of the yogurts were analyzed in comparison with full-fat ( 3.0%, w/w, fat) and low-fat (1.5%, w/w; and 1.2%, w/w) milk yogurt controls. The majority (~85%) of the particle size distribution was in the range of 1106±158 nm. Thermal property analysis indicated PWP was thermally stable between 50°C and 90°C. Yogurts formulated with 12% of PWP4 and 14% of PWP5 demonstrated higher firmness, springiness and adhesiveness (P<0.05), and lower cohesiveness (P<0.05) than the low-fat milk yogurt controls. There was no fat separation and they had less fishy smell. Yogurts incorporated with 12% of PWP4 had comparable sensory and textural characteristics to the full- -fat milk yogurt control.
The study aimed to investigate the correlation between concentration of inhaled arsenic trioxide and dynamic changes in hematotoxicity in rats. Wistar rats were randomly divided into four study groups that were treated with saline (control) or arsenic trioxide at a low (0.1 mg/mL), medium (1 mg/mL), or high (10 mg/mL) dose by intratracheal instillation. Blood samples were collected for analysis at 6, 12, 24, 48, and 72 h after exposure. Compared with the control group, intratracheal instillation of arsenic trioxide affected hematopoietic differentiation in rats, leading to blood cell changes that were related to observation time and concentration.