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Elena Soare, Irina-Adriana Chiurciu, Aurelia-Vasilica Bălan and Livia David

Abstract

This research presents the evolution of the world corn market during 2010-2016. Worldwide, corn crops are a very important agricultural crop, both for the population and for animal feed. In order to accomplish this research, a series of indicators specific to the world maize market were studied. The most representative indicators analyzed in this research are: the area cultivated with corn worldwide; total maize production worldwide; the total amount of fertilizer used for corn crops; yield per hectare for corn crop; the amount of Nitrogen used per hectare for maize crops; the amount of potassium used per hectare for maize crops; human consumption of corn worldwide; net export of corn and FOB export price. The statistical data used in this research was taken from specialized international sites for agriculture and food. In this research several references are made to the future evolution of the world maize market. The forecast period is 2019-2025. Changes that occur on the world corn market are due to several factors, the most representative of which are: the decisions of the main actors acting on this market and the natural conditions. Quantitative statistical methods have been used to carry out this research.

Open access

Chiurciu Irina-Adriana, Constantin Oprea Dana Maria, Grigore Elena, Bogan Elena and Tatu Florina

Abstract

Nowadays, at global level, the linseed oil culture is more important economically than the linseed cultures for fiber. The world's largest linseed production is the linseed oil, followed by the culture for the consumption of seeds and for fibers. In this context, this study presents the evolution and the main trends in the production of the linseed oil for Romania in the period 2008-2017, the analysis being based on the values of specific indicators, namely the areas cultivated with linseeds and the production of the linseed oil achieved at the national level, macro-regions and development regions, both as a total and in the private sector as well. This analysis will be done in the context of the ongoing climate change also affecting Romania's territory. Analysing the results, one can notice that, although after 1990 the cultivated areas have decreased dramatically, since the integration of Romania into the EU, the linseed oil cultivated areas have started to grow. Thus, in 2017, Romania was the sixth EU linseed oil producer in the EU, with the South-East region holding a significant share of the cultivated areas.