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  • Author: Chenchen Han x
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Abstract

Compact-siro spun with lattice apron combines compact spinning and siro spinning, and is widely put into practice. In this paper, compact-siro spun models with the parallel shaped slots, oblique parallel shaped slots and V-shaped slots were simulated. Based on the airflow data in the condensing zone, the geometrical model of single fiber is built, and then the trajectory of single fiber can be got. The morphological changes and movement process of fiber strands in the flow field of condensing zone were verified by the comparison experiments of yarn morphology, hairiness, tensile and evenness properties. The results showed that the V-shaped slot achieved the optimal agglomeration effect and yarn performance. The theory analysis gives foundation and explanation for the experiment, and also provides a theoretical basis for optimizing the properties of compact-siro yarn in production practice.

Abstract

During the air flow twisting process of jet vortex spinning, the moving characteristics of flexible free-end fiber are complex. In this paper, the finite element model of the fiber is established based on elastic thin rod element. According to the air pressure and velocity distribution in the airflow twisting chamber of jet vortex spinning, this paper analyzes the undetermined coefficients of the finite element kinetic differential equation of the free-end fiber following the principle of mechanical equilibrium, energy conservation, mass conservation and momentum conservation. Based on numerical simulation, this paper gets the trajectory of the free-end fiber. Finally, the theoretical result of the free-end fiber trajectory by finite element simulating is tested by an experimental method. This paper has proposed a new method to study the movement of the fiber and learn about the process and principle of jet vortex spinning.