Reduced-Dynamic Precise Orbit Determination for Low Earth Orbiters Based on Helmert Transformation
A model based on Helmert transformation is presented in reduced-dynamic Precise Orbit Determination(POD). As an implementation, a reduced-dynamic POD approach was developed. The approach includes two steps: firstly, kinematic POD and then reduced-dynamic POD. Based on the approach, a set of programs were developed. POD of CHAMP and GRACE was then carried out. Kinematic and reduced-dynamic POD for CHAMP and GRACE satellite over 2 weeks time show that reduced-dynamic orbits of CHAMP have a mean 3D RMS of 0.26 m compared to PSO orbit of GFZ, and the mean 3D RMS of GRACE-A has the same value compared to GNV1B orbit of JPL. The 3D RMS is reduced by up to 40% compared to kinematic solutions.