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Open access

Silviana Brata, Carmen Maduta and S. Pescari

Abstract

This paper presents a study on using the steady-state three-dimensional heat transfer software HEAT3 for evaluating the heat flow of heat transfer through different elements of the building envelope in order to establish the linear thermal transmittance of the linear thermal bridge. The linear thermal transmittance is obtained according to the one-dimensional steady-state heat transfer calculation formula for the plane walls using the heat flow values obtained through the method specified above. The results presented in this paper are part of a wider study on evaluating the heat transfer through building’s envelope elements by evaluating as accurate as possible the thermal bridges effect of the most common building structures. As a case study, it was considered the steady-state heat transfer through an opaque outer wall of a building considering the thermal bridges for the following elements: outer walls intersection, inner and outer wall intersection and outer wall with intermediate floor intersection.

Open access

S. Pescari, V. Stoian, D. Tudor and Carmen Măduţa

Abstract

One of the targets of EU Directives on the energy performance of buildings is to reduce the energy consumption of the existing buildings by finding efficient solutions for thermal rehabilitation. In order to find the adequate solutions, the first step is to establish the current state of the buildings and to determine their actual energy consumption. The current paper aims to present the energy demands of the existing buildings with bearing structure of large precast concrete panels in the city of Timisoara. Timisoara is one of the most important cities in the west side of Romania, being on the third place in terms of size and economic development. The Census of Population and Housing of 2011 states that Timisoara has about 127841 private dwellings and 60 percent of them are collective buildings. Energy demand values of the existing buildings with bearing structure of large precast concrete panels in Timisoara, in their current condition, are higher than the accepted values provided in the Romanian normative, C107. The difference between these two values can reach up to 300 percent.