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  • Author: Carmen Daniela Domnariu x
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Abstract

The long-lasting training in medicine (more than 10 years) is still an attraction for many excellent students. Most of the evaluation forms during this training are based on theoretical and practical skills. However, could we be sure that the organizational climate provides the most appropriate environment for study and career development? We did a survey on 22 young doctors, residents in public health and management and/or epidemiology aiming at evaluating the personal management style and the management style within the organization (Adizes questionnaires: “Personal Test” and “Task Demands”). The management styles described by Adizes - Producer – Administrator – Entrepreneur – Integrator - and their expression as primary or secondary style were analyzed. We found that the young residents generally have a powerful expression of producer and entrepreneur as personal style, but they tend to become administrators within the organization, mostly during their first years of training.

Abstract

Based on the situational leadership theory (Hersey&Blanchard), our study aimed to analyze the leadership style in managers of different health facilities from Romania.

We included 41 persons with key positions (general manager, medical director, chief of section/department, nursing director, chief – nurse). All these persons filled the LEADself questionnaire (Leader Effectiveness and Adaptability Description Instrument, Center for Leadership Studies, Hersey and Blanchard). The tool measures three dimensions: the dominant (and secondary) leadership style, the style range (flexibility) and the style adaptability (the leader effectiveness).

We found a dominance of “Selling/Coaching” style, followed by the “Telling/directing” style. The managers were found to have a high relationship supportive behavior. Only three cases of low relationship dominance were found. Also almost all the managers were found as mostly group centered (only 5 cases were more leader centered). The flexibility of the managers was high, only one persons having the style range<2; the effectiveness score varied from 12 o 25, most of the responders having a low or moderate level of adaptability.

Abstract

Worldwide, trauma is the sixth leading cause of death and represents 10% of all-time mortality, being a serious public health problem with significant social and economic costs. This study aims at analysing the costs regarding the maxillofacial trauma of the patients admitted to the Sibiu County Clinical Emergency Hospital, during the period 2014-2017 as well as comparisons regarding the costs of the different treatment methods.

Abstract

Domestic violence is a widespread public health problem. Domestic violence does not just manifest itself physically, it can take different forms, from verbal aggression to insults of psychological, emotional, sexual, material deprivation or simply negligence. All these affect the victim in many ways. Thus, the professionals in medical, legal sciences, but also the state authorities with responsibilities in social protection and assistance must know the phenomenon very well and find the best ways to fight it. No institution will be able to achieve this objective by working individually, but only an efficient cooperation of all these factors can contribute to limiting the negative effects and the state of vulnerability, but also to provide information and support to the victims.