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C. Latha and C.K. Mahadevan

Abstract

It is important to grow and characterize new bimetallic thiocyanate single crystals as they are expected to exhibit useful optical and electrical properties. In the present study, calcium cadmium thiocyanate CaCd(SCN)4 single crystals were grown by slow evaporation of solvent and were characterized chemically, structurally, thermally, optically and electrically. X-ray diffraction analysis indicates that the grown crystal belongs to the tetragonal crystal system with lattice parameters: a = b = 12.2491(7) Å and c = 15.1012(5) Å. EDAX spectral analysis confirms the expected chemical composition. Thermogravimetric (TG/DTA) measurement implies good thermal stability. Optical (UV-Vis-NIR absorption spectral and SHG efficiency) measurements suggest good optical absorption in the UV and blue regions and the SHG efficiency of 6.13 (in urea unit). The dielectric measurements carried out in the temperature range of 40 °C to 150 °C at five different frequencies, viz. 100 Hz, 1 kHz, 10 kHz, 100 kHz and 1 MHz indicate a normal dielectric behavior.

Open access

A. Arputha Latha, M. Anbuchezhiyan, C. Charles Kanakam and K. Selvarani

Abstract

A single crystal of gamma-glycine (GG), a polymorph of glycine, was synthesized by crystallization. The single crystal of GG was grown from an aqueous solution. The morphology of GG was studied in order to assess its growth facets. The good quality single crystals were subjected to X-ray diffraction studies to reveal their structure. The FT-IR spectral analysis was carried out to confirm the presence of expected functional groups. The UV-Vis analysis was done for GG single crystals to determine the optical transparency and band gap. Simultaneous TG-DTA analysis was employed to understand the thermal and physicochemical stability of the title compound. The mechanical stability and laser stability of GG single crystal were studied using Vickers microhardness test and laser induced damage threshold on different planes of the crystal to reveal its anisotropic nature. The dielectric measurement was carried out as a function of frequency and the results were discussed. The existence of second harmonic generation (SHG) of the title compound was confirmed by Kurtz-Perry powder technique. The SHG effective nonlinearity and particle size dependence of GG powder sample were compared with a standard reference material: potassium dihydrogen phosphate (KDP).