Introduction The Rathke cyst represents an unusual benign tumour derived from Rathke’s cleft remnants. The diagnosis is potential seen at any age. The most frequent signs are mostly mass effects as headache, visual field defects and hypopituitarism.
Case presentation 30-year old female is admitted for persistent headache that was later associated with secondary amenorrhea and visual field defects for the last two years. The clinical data are consistent with high levels of serum prolactin, gonadotropes deficiency, as well as central hypothyroidism. The magnetic resonance imagery found a pituitary tumour of 2.7 centimetres with extrapituitary extension up to the optic chiasm. Surgery was performed in order to remove the tumour. The pathologic report confirmed a Rathke’s cleft cyst. Diabetes insipidus associated with panhypopituitarism was diagnosed and treated after the procedure. Close follow-up is necessary.
Conclusion This case highlights the fact that headache sometimes embraces a severe neoplasia diagnosis and that the iatrogenic complications after surgery are lifelong care demanding