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Branislav Antala and Gabriela Luptáková

Summary

The explosion of information and the development of information and communication technologies contribute to serious worldwide problems – sedentary life styles and physical inactivity of people, all with related health, economic and social consequences. International organizations are actively addressing these current problems of the world. Good example of successful cooperation between international bodies is ICSSPE’s International Committee of Sport Pedagogy (ICSP) and its participation on international projects: “International Position Statement on Physical Education”, “Benchmarks for Physical Education”, “Designed to Move”, “Global Voices on Quality of Physical Education and Sport”, “International Charter of Physical Education, Physical Activities and Sport”, “Quality Physical Education Guidelines for Policy Makers”, “Madagascar project”

Open access

Tibor Balga, Branislav Antala and Lenka Sabová

Abstract

This paper presents the results of research focused on the attitudes of schoolgirls at the 5th and 9th grade of primary schools towards physical and sport education. The aim of this project was to find out the level of the attitudes of schoolgirls at primary schools in the Bratislava Region. The research sample consisted of 247 schoolgirls attending urban and village primary schools. The basic research tool we have used was the standardized attitudinal questionnaire designed for the primary schools pupils. We have found out that in the 5th and 9th grade of primary schools the positive attitudes toward physical and sport education prevail over the indifferent attitudes. At primary schools in the Bratislava Region, the schoolgirls in the 5th grade showed more positive attitudes than schoolgirls in the 9th grade.

Open access

Dario Novak, Štefan Lovro, Branislav Antala, Arunas Emeljanovas, Brigita Mieziene, Ivana Milanović and Snežana Radisavljević-Janić

Abstract

The main purpose of the present study was to determine the associations between socioeconomic status (SES) and lifestyle factors. In this cross-sectional study, participants were 3,072 adolescents from two European countries of Lithuania and Serbia. The dependent variable was SES, while independent variables were gender, adherence to a Mediterranean diet, body-mass index, self-rated health, psychological distress, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and sedentary behaviour. The associations between dependent and independent variables were analysed by using logistic regression analysis. In univariate model, middle/high SES was associated with higher adherence to a Mediterranean diet (ptrend = 0.003), good self-rated health (OR 1.51; 95 % CI 1.12 to 2.05) and meeting recommendations of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (OR 2.09; 95 % CI 1.45 to 3.00), yet inversely associated with psychological distress (OR 0.81; 95 % CI 0.66 to 0.99) and sedentary behaviour (OR 0.80; 95 % CI 0.68 to 0.94). No associations were found between SES and bodymass index and gender. In multivariate model, the same associations occurred between middle/high SES and lifestyle factors. In conclusion, special strategies and policies, based on more affordable nutrition and participation in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, should be implemented within the system.