Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 5 of 5 items for

  • Author: Bogumiła Pilarczyk x
Clear All Modify Search
Open access

Paulina Kobak and Bogumiła Pilarczyk

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of infection with gastrointestinal parasites in water buffaloes raised in the Notecka Forest region in the Wielkopolska Province (Poland). Coproscopic examinations were performed between January and June 2009. The mean prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in the water buffalo herd was 44%. Gastrointestinal nematodes (10%) and flukes (Fasciola hepatica - 32% and Paramphistomum cervi - 11%) were found in the examined animals. The high prevalence of infection with gastrointestinal parasites was caused by the lack of an appropriate helminth control programme. Despite the fact that they are raised on marshy meadows, where good conditions for parasites’ development exist, these animals were not systematically dewormed. It is necessary to devise a helminth control programme for the studied water buffalo herd.

Open access

Beata Seremak, Bogumiła Pilarczyk, Agnieszka Tomza-Marciniak, Renata Pilarczyk, Andrzej Jakubczak, Małgorzata Dziadosz, Kamil Pławski and Diana Hendzel

Assessment of Selenium Concentration in Selected Organs of Farmed Raccoon Dogs (Nyctereutes Procyonoides)

The aim of the study was to determine selenium concentrations in the liver, kidneys, lungs, heart and muscles of farmed raccoon dogs (Nyctereutes procyonoides) and to evaluate their impact on hair coat quality. Selenium concentration was determined using the modified Watkinson's spectrofluorometric method. Subjects were 20 farmed raccoon dogs (Nyctereutes procyonoides) at the age of 8-9 months, which were kept on a farm in south-eastern Poland. The results show that liver selenium content averaged 0.23±0.10 μg/g w.w. (wet weight). The concentrations ranged from 0.04 to 0.49 μg/g w.w. Kidney selenium concentration (0.49±0.17 μg/g w.w. on average) was over twice that of liver concentration. Animals with higher scores for hair coat quality had lower selenium concentrations in the kidneys and liver, and higher selenium concentrations in muscles, but the differences were not significant. When relating Se concentrations determined in the liver of raccoon dogs to the biochemical criteria, it is concluded that 80% of the analysed raccoon dogs were deficient in this element and 20% had marginal levels. The results obtained in our study suggest that the food used on the farm did not fully meet the Se requirement of the raccoon dogs.

Open access

Agnieszka Tylkowska, Bogumiła Pilarczyk, Renata Pilarczyk, Michał Zyśko and Agnieszka Tomza-Marciniak

Abstract

Introduction: Foxes are a reservoir of parasites that are dangerous to humans. The aim of the study was to determine the parameters associated with the occurrence of tapeworms in red foxes in north-western Poland.

Material and Methods: Parasitological sections were taken from 620 red foxes using IST and SCT methods in 18 districts of West Pomerania Province.

Results: The extensity of fox infection with tapeworms was 61%. Echinococcus multilocularis, Mesocestoides spp., Dipylidium caninum, and specimens of the genus Taenia were identified. E. multilocularis was found in 11 districts. Mesocestoides spp. demonstrated the highest prevalence (41.3%), while E. multilocularis demonstrated the lowest prevalence (2.9%); however, it infected foxes with the greatest mean intensity (235.6 tapeworms per fox). The most common co-occurrence in a single host organism was observed for Mesocestoides spp. and tapeworms of the genus Taenia; however, no examples were found of coinfection by E. multilocularis and D. caninum.

Conclusion: The occurrence of tapeworms in foxes was high in West Pomerania Province and was often higher than observed in previous years. For this reason, the risk of parasite transmission to humans and domestic animals is mounting. The risk of infection is also amplifying due to the growth of the fox population.

Open access

Katarzyna M. Kavetska, Bogumiła Pilarczyk and Katarzyna Królaczyk

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to present the structure of nematofauna community with particular emphasis on stomach (proventriculus and gizzard) nematodes in wild ducks wintering in large numbers in the North-Western Poland. Hosts (n=152) were represented by 17 species from eight genera belonging to three different ecological tribes: Anatini, Aythyini, and Mergini. Parasitic nematodes (n=14,396) were found in the digestive tract of 813 out of 1,052 birds (77.3%), with the vast majority of nematodes (93.9%) found in the gizzard (n=7,326) and proventriculus (n=6,198). Nematodes isolated from these organs represented 21 species from six families: Amidostomatidae, Acuariidae, Tetrameridae, Dioctophymatidae, Ascarididae, and Anisakidae. The most prevalent were nematodes from the genus Amidostomoides (n=6,686 individuals; 49.4%), and the most dominant species was A. monodon (5,013 nematodes).

Open access

B. Pilarczyk, A. Tomza-Marciniak, T. Stankiewicz, B. Błaszczyk, D. Gączarzewicz, M. Smugała, J. Udała, A. Tylkowska, J. Kuba and A. Cieśla

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine serum selenium concentrations in Polish Konik horses residing in the Odra Delta Nature Park (Poland) and to evaluate the activity of glutathione peroxidase and Se content in testes of this horse breed. In over 95% of cases, serum Se concentration was below the optimal range, and none of the horses examined was deficient in this trace element. The lack of Se deficiency in the animals examined suggests however, that the Polish Konik horses have a natural ability to the optimal use of nutrients available in their life area. Testicular content of Se and GSHPx activity in the colts was higher than those found in stallions, and a positive relationship between these antioxidants was demonstrated. The differences in Se contents and GSHPx activities in testes between colts and stallions suggest that selenoenzymes play important roles during the puberty of male horses.