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  • Author: Bianca-Eugenia Ősz x
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George Jîtcă, Bianca-Eugenia Ősz, Szende Vancea, Amalia Miklos and Amelia Tero-Vescan

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this study was to develop a LC-MS method to determine amiodarone (AMI) and its major metabolite desethylamiodarone (DEA) from rat plasma released from the adipose tissue of AMI treated rats subjected to a weight gain/weight loss cycle. Methods: Separation of the compounds was performed on a Kinetex 2.6 μm C18 100 x 4.6 mm column under isocratic conditions using a mixture of acetonitrile: 0.1% formic acid 65:35 at a flow rate of 0.5 ml/min. Detection of the analyte was performed by electrospray positive ionization, the monitored ions being 135 m/z from 646 for AMI and 135 m/z of 618 for DEA. Analytes were extracted after plasma protein precipitation with methanol. Results: The developed method presented specificity and linearity on the concentration range of 25-2500 ng/ml plasma for AMI and 2.5-1250 ng/ml plasma for DEA and the precision and accuracy of the method at all of quality control concentration levels including LLOQ were according to official guidelines for validating analytical methods. Conclusions: A sensitive and accurate LC-MS method has been developed with a much lower LLOQ than literature data to detect the plasma concentration differences of the studied analytes that result from forced lipolysis and mobilization from the adipose tissue.

Open access

Bianca Eugenia Ösz, C. E. Vari and Maria Dogaru

Abstract

The prenatal exposure to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) is very controversial. There is no conclusive evidence for increased risk of malformations after SSRI use in pregnancy. The aim of the study was to determine how fluoxetine is affecting gestation and fetal development in rats. Twenty sexually mature female Wistar rats weighting between 250-260 g received 20 mg/kg body weight fluoxetine from the first day of gestation and during the entire gestation period.The drug was administered by oral route. Healthy, primipareus animals were selected along with 20 female Wistar rats, as control group. Mature males were caged with virgin females for an entire week. Rat’s behaviour during gestation, after birth and rats body weight was examined. The number of healthy pups was also noted. The females not giving birth after 21 days to any pup were anesthetized (halothane through gas scavenging apparatus untilled death) and the gravid uterus were dissected out and examined. Compared to the controlled group, in which weight gain was more significant, the animals from the experimental group had a slight increase in body weight. The weight gain normally induced by gestation, is less significant in fluoxetine treated rats due to the increase serotonin levels in the brain. The uteri examination of pregnant rats showed an increase in the number of dead and resorbed rat embryos. Preclinical studies suggest that the inclusion of fluoxetine in pregnancy category C is justified and the appropriateness of its administration in pregnancy is still an unresolved issue.

Open access

Amelia Tero-Vescan, Bianca-Eugenia Osz, Camil-Eugen Vari, Silvia Imre and Gabriel Hancu

Abstract

Objectives: The purpose of the study was to determine the omega-3/omega-6 ratio in swine brain homogenate by HPLC with UV detection and to discuss the values obtained by comparison to the human species. Materials and methods: Determinations were performed by HPLC method using as mobile phase an isocratic mixture (A:B - 5:95) of mobile phase A = 25% acetonitrile in water and B = acetonitrile with a flow-rate of 1.2 mL/min and UV detection at 205nm. Chromatographic column: Phenomenex C8 150x4.6 mm 5μm. 50 g swine brain was hydrolyzed with 100 mL 0.5N HCl, the organic phase was extracted in 50 mL hexane, concentrated by evaporation and resumed in 200 μL acetonitrile. Results: Polyunsaturated fatty acids were separated as follows arachidonic acid (AA) - Rt = 2.69 min, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) - Rt = 3.12 min and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) - Rt = 3.97 min. The following omega-3/omega-6 ratios were calculated (DHA + EPA)/ AA = 0.572 ± 0.451, EPA/AA = 0.027 ± 0.015 and DHA/AA = 0.689 ± 0.612. Conclusions: The values obtained for these ratios should be balanced, but in reality they are in favor of the ratio denominator. Considering the physiological and nutritional similarities and that an accurate diagnosis of neurodegenerative disease is set in post-mortem, swine brain homogenate could serve as an animal model for human nervous tissue.