Barbara Pieczykolan, Izabela Płonka, Krzysztof Barbusiński and Magdalena Amalio-Kosel
Treatment of leachate from an exploited since 2004 landfill by using two methods of advanced oxidation processes was performed. Fenton’s reagent with two different doses of hydrogen peroxide and iron and UV/H2O2 process was applied. The removal efficiency of biochemically oxidizable organic compounds (BOD5), chemically oxidizable compounds using potassium dichromate (CODCr) and nutrient (nitrogen and phosphorus) was examined. Studies have shown that the greatest degree of organic compounds removal expressed as a BOD5 index and CODCr index were obtained when Fenton’s reagent with greater dose of hydrogen peroxide was used - efficiency was respectively 72.0% and 69.8%. Moreover, in this case there was observed an increase in the value of ratio of BOD5/CODCr in treated leachate in comparison with raw leachate. Application of Fenton’s reagent for leachate treatment also allowed for more effective removal of nutrients in comparison with the UV/H2O2 process.
The main source of usable water supply in Poland is surface water. The most frequently used methods of surface water treatment are coagulation and filtration processes. During these processes post-coagulation sludge is generated, which is the main waste produced in water treatment plants. This sludge is characterized by an amorphous structure with a strongly developed specific surface, similar to sewage sludge. Dried and crushed post-coagulation sludge was used in the studies as an adsorbent of two acid dyes: Acid Red 18 (AR 18) and Acid Green 16 (AG 16). The most favourable pH of process and contact time as well as sorption isotherm were established. For both dyes the most favourable pH value was equal 2. The tests showed that in the case of AR 18 (180 min) a longer contact time was necessary to reach the equilibrium than for AG 16 (120 min). Moreover, based on the different isotherm two-parameter models, the sorption capacity, type of sorption and energy of sorption were calculated based on linear and non-linear regression. The tests showed that in the case of dye AG 16 monolayer sorption occurred - the analysis showed better fitting the results to Langmuir model. Moreover, for both dyes, physical adsorption took place - it was indicated by the values of parameter 1/n (computed from the Freundlich model).