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  • Author: Barbara Bojarojć-Nosowicz x
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Ewa Kaczmarczyk, Barbara Bojarojć-Nosowicz and Urszula Czarnik

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine whether insertion-deletion (indel) 23 bp polymorphism of the bovine prion protein (PRNP) gene differentiates the total number of leukocytes and lymphocytes and the number of virus-infected lymphocytes. The experimental materials comprised 119 Black-and-White Polish Holstein-Friesian cows. Bovine leukosis was diagnosed by an indirect immunofluorescence based on the detection of viral protein p24 in bovine lymphocytes infected with leukaemia virus (BLV). Indel23 polymorphism was determined by PCR. Blood haematological parameters (total leukocyte counts, total lymphocyte counts, and their percentages) were determined at a specialist haematological laboratory. The examined indices were analysed in three replications, at one-month intervals. It was found that indel23 polymorphism significantly differentiated blood leukocyte counts and the total number and percentage of lymphocytes. Cows with the 23 bp del/del genotype showed significantly higher leukocyte and lymphocyte counts than animals with the remaining two genotypes. Higher values of the analysed haematological parameters noted in homozygotes with 23 bp deletion are similar to the values reported in cows affected by persistent lymphocytosis, thus pointing to an adverse effect of this genotype on the haemopoiesis process. The variations between indel23 genotypes and the number and percentage of BLV-infected lymphocytes are less obvious and more difficult to interpret.

Open access

Alicja Stachura, Barbara Bojarojć-Nosowicz, Dariusz Kaczmarczyk and Ewa Kaczmarczyk

Abstract

Introduction: Numerous mutations in the bovine tumour necrosis factor receptor type two (TNF-RII) gene have been identified, but their biological consequences remain poorly understood. The aim of this study was to determine whether polymorphism in the analysed loci of the bovine TNF-RII gene is linked with the size of cell subpopulations naturally infected with bovine leukaemia virus (BLV) which serve important immune functions in the host. Material and Methods: Samples originated from 78 cows. Polymorphisms in the studied gene were determined by PCR-RFLP and DNA sequencing by capillary electrophoresis. BLV infection was diagnosed by the immunofluorescence (IMF) technique and nested PCR. Cell subpopulations were immunophenotyped with IMF. Results: Similar and non-significant differences in the average percentages of TNFα+, IgM+TNFα+, and CD11b+TNFα+ cells infected with BLV were noted in individuals with various genotypes in the polymorphic sites g.-1646T > G and g.16534T > C of the TNF-RII gene, and significant differences in the percentages of these subpopulations were observed between selected microsatellite genotypes (g.16512CA(n)). Conclusion: STR polymorphism and the number of CA dinucleotide repeats in intron 1 of the TNF-RII gene influence the frequency of TNF+, CD11b+TNF+, and IgM+TNF+ subpopulations naturally infected with BLV. Polymorphism in the gene’s other two sites do not affect the size of these cell subpopulations.