Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 2 of 2 items for

  • Author: B. Niedziałek x
Clear All Modify Search
Open access

S. Kut and B. Niedziałek

Abstract

This paper presents the results of the numerical analysis and experimental research of the forming process of aviation drawpiece made from 0.6 mm thick Inconel 625 sheet metal. First phase of testing was conducted using rigid steel tools for drawpiece forming. Results of conducted simulations show that during rigid tool forming, the middle of the drawpiece losses stability. In consequence, rigid tool forming leads to the formation of unacceptable wrinkles on the drawpiece. Subsequent experimental research confirmed wrinkles of the metal drawpiece in this area. It was assumed that in order to eliminate this negative phenomenon, minor changes in technology and tool construction would have to be made. The drawpiece will be shaped by means of a flexible tool, than re-shaped using rigid tools. In the second phase of the research, tooling design changes have been made. They consisted of replacing the steel punch with a specially designed stamp susceptible for deformation. FEM numerical simulations were performed for flexible punch forming made of polyurethane elastomer with different hardness (50, 70, 85 and 90 Sh A). On their basis, the effect on the mechanical characteristics of the elastomeric drawing process and the formation of wrinkles was shown. They can be effectively eliminated by the use of a punch with hardness of 90 Sh A, which has also been confirmed by experimental research. In addition, the paper presents a comparative analysis of the deformations in selected actual drawpiece areas and in the elastomeric punch with hardness 90 Sh A computer model. The actual drawpiece deformation schedule and the values were determined using photogrammetric system Argus v.6.3., while the computer modeled drawpiece was based on FEM calculations performed in the MARC / Mentat system. In conclusion the difficulties as well as the advantages and disadvantages in determining the deformation of sheet metal parts were indicated using photogrammetric system Argus and FEM.

Open access

S. Kut, G. Ryzińska and B. Niedziałek

Abstract

The paper presents research to verify the effectiveness of nine selected material models of elastomeric materials based on uniaxial tension test. Basing on the cyclic uniaxial tension test of elastomers sample, the stress-strain characteristic for the 18th load cycle was prepared. On the basis of the obtained characteristic, the values of material constants were calculated for the studied models (Neo-Hookean, Mooney with two and three constants, Signorini, Yeoh, Ogden, Arruda-Boyce, Gent and Marlow) and simulation of tensile, upsetting and bending processes was performed with the usage of the software MARC/Mentat. The effectiveness of the selected models was determined based on a comparison of results obtained in the experimental tensile test, upsetting test and bending test of an elastomeric samples with the results of numerical FEM calculations for each models. The research has shown that, for modeling of the elastomeric cylinder upsetting in the range of deformation of 62%, the best results with the comparison of the experiment were obtained by using the Yeoh model. In the bending process none of the analyzed models indicate a high convergence of results from an experiment. Analyzing the characteristics of the experimental and numerical tensile test it can be seen that in the entire range of punch movement (0 to 55 mm), models Signorini, Marlow, Ogden(N3) and Mooney(3) give the best results.