This study aims to determine the firm and sector efficiency using data envelopment analysis for 121 listed firms, 3 from 2004 to 2016. Based on the efficiency score of 1 and 0, DEA analysis results indicate that 10% firm was highly efficient in the whole sample, 80% are semi-efficient in selected sectors and 10% slightly inefficient. Thus, we can conclude that all firms are not equally efficient. Also, the study used a Logit/ Probit Regression model, and results indicate that the brand value and type of sector has a positive impact on firm efficiency. The study concludes that Brand value increases firm efficiency, so managers should put more focus on building firm brand value.
Sr5Ta4TiO17 ceramics was processed via solid state mixed oxide sintering route. X-ray diffraction revealed single phase formation of Sr5Ta4TiO17 ceramics that crystallized into an orthorhombic crystal structure with a space group Pnnm with lattice parameters of a = 5.681 Å, b = 32.542 Å and c = 3.968 Å, refined by the least squares method. The unit cell density (ρth) was 6.71 g/cm3. The microstructure consisted of plate-like grains and the average size was increased from 2 μm to 5 μm with an increase in sintering temperature from 1450 °C to 1575 °C. Optimum microwave dielectric properties, i.e. єr ~ 66,Qufo ~ 8500 GHz and τf ~ 180 ppm/°C, were achieved for Sr5TaTiO17 ceramics sintered at 1550 °C for 4 h.
Mg0:95Ni0:05Ti0:98Zr0:02O3 ceramics was prepared via conventional solid-state mixed-oxide route. The phase, microstructure and microwave dielectric properties of the sintered samples were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and a vector network analyzer. The microstructure comprised of circular and elongated plate-like grains. The semi quantitative analysis (EDS) of the circular and elongated grains revealed the existence of Mg0:95Ni0:05T2O5 as a secondary phase along with the parent Mg0:95Ni0:05Ti0:98Zr0:02O3 phase, which was consistent with the XRD findings. In the present study, εr ~17.1, Qufo~195855 ± 2550 GHz and τf ~ -46 ppm/K was achieved for the synthesized Mg0:95Ni0:05Ti0:98Zr0:02O3 ceramics sintered at 1325 °C for 4 h.
SrLa4Ti5−xSnxO17 (0 ≤ x ≤ 2) ceramics were fabricated through solid state ceramic route and their microwave dielectric properties were investigated in an attempt to tune their temperature coefficient of resonant frequency (τf) to zero. The compositions were sintered to single phase SrLa4Ti5O17 and SrLa4Ti4.5Sn0.5O17 ceramics at x = 0 and x = 0.5, and SrLa4Ti4−xSnxO17 along with a small amount of La2Ti2O7 at x = 1. The major phase observed at x = 2 was La2Ti2O7 but along with SrLa4Ti4SnO17 and SrLa4Ti4O15 as the secondary phases. τf decreased from 117 to 23.0 ppm/°C but at the cost of dielectric constant (εr) and quality factor multiplied by resonant frequency (Qufo) which decreased from 65 to 33.6 and 11150 to 4191 GHz, respectively. The optimum microwave dielectric properties, i.e. τf = 38.6 ppm/°C, εr = 45.5 and Qufo = 7919 GHz, correspond to the SrLa4Ti5−xSnxO17 composition with x = 1.
Mg0.95Ni0.05Ti0.98Zr0.02O3 and CaTiO3 were prepared separately using solid state reaction method. The effect of CaTiO3 addition on the microwave dielectric properties of Mg0.95Ni0.05Ti0.98Zr0.02O3 was investigated to get low loss and temperature stable ceramics in (1 – x)Mg0.95Ni0.05Ti0.98Zr0.02O3-xCaTiO3 series. Mg0.95Ni0.05Ti0.98Zr0.02O3 formed as the major phase along with Mg0.95Ni0.05Ti2O5 phase that formed as minor secondary phase for the composition with x = 0. Microwave dielectric properties ∈r ~ 17.1, Qufo of 195,855 GHz and τf of –46.3 ppm/°C were obtained for the composition with x = 0. The positive τf value of CaTiO3, tuned the τf value of Mg0.95Ni0.05Ti0.98Zr0.02O3 through zero and ∈r ~ 28.4, Qufo ~ 108,775 GHz and τf ~ 3.1 ppm/°C were attained for x = 0.15 in this study. This composition is the best choice for high frequency applications.