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Open access

Hektor Sula, Rudin Domi, Arben Beqiri and Andi Koraqi

Abdominal Compartment Syndrome as an Independent Mortality Predictor Factor During Acute Pancreatitis

Aim: The aim was to study the role of abdominal compartment syndrome and intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) as indipendent predictor factors on outcome and mortality in patients during early phase of acute pancreatitis (AP).

Material and Methods: According the IAP 102 patients with medically treated AP were divided: in the first group (N = 32 patients) the IAP was over 12 mmHg, in second group (N = 27 patients) the IAP was over 20 mmHg (ACS), and the third group (N = 43 patients) with normal pressure. There were recorded APACHE 2 score in admission, the incidence of multiorganic dysfunction syndrome and mortality.

Results: No statistical significance is observed between three groups regarding age, gender, APACHE II score, Ranson score, CTSI. Kruskal-Wallis test resulted positive for all variables suggesting a statistically significant difference between groups. The pairwise test for comparison of subgroups according to Conover, yielded a statistically significant difference of ACS (p<0.05). ACS group resulted with more early deaths (13 patients) and total deaths (15 patients).

Conlusion: The abdominal compartment syndrome and increased intrabdominal pressure occurred during the early fase of AP may be predictors of increased MODS and mortality.

Open access

Genta Cekodhima, Altin Cekodhima, Arben Beqiri, Mehdi Alimehmeti and Gerhard Sulo

Abstract

Background

Colorectal polyps (CP) are common among individuals older than 50 years. Some polyp types can precede colorectal cancer (CRC). This study aimed at describing histopathological characteristics of colorectal polyps in relation to age and gender among symptomatic patients referred for a colonoscopy examination during 2011-2014 in Tirana, Albania.

Methods

Study population included 267 individuals aged ≥ 20 years and diagnosed with ≥ 1 polyp during a colonoscopy examination. A total of 346 polyps were identified, excised and measured, and underwent histopathological examination.

Results

Adenomas accounted for 79.8% of all polyps and tubular type was the most frequent one (74.4%). The majority of polyps (42.5%) were small (<1 cm), 38.7% of a medium size (1-2 cm) and 18.8% large (>2 cm). Adenomas were larger than non-adenomatous polyps (p<0.01)

There was no gender difference with regard to patient age (p=0.22) or polyp size (p=0.84) Adenomas were more frequent among men compared to women (p=0.02). Age was strongly related to polyp characteristics. The proportion of adenomas increased significantly with age (p<0.01). Within adenomas, the proportion of villous types - a precursor of colorectal cancer - increased remarkably with age (p=0.01). Older age was positively associated with potentially malignant adenomas (defined as adenomas > 1 cm and showing high-grade dysplasia) (p<0.01).

Conclusion

Adenomas accounted for the majority of polyps. Their morphology, size and malignant potential were related to patient age.