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Open access

Anna Wróbel, Józef Mosiej and Martin Weih

Land availability analysis and social attitude aspects in relation to implementation and development of short' rotation forestry systems in Poland

After observations of European development of renewable sources, and according to protocols and directives, set by both European and Polish policy makers, there is a need to find methods to support the future development of Short Rotation Forestry (SRF) using fast-growing trees on agricultural land, and to overcome potential problems. In this paper society attitudes towards future developing options for SRF energy plantations in Poland were investigated. In the investigation, two kinds of questionnaires were presented to various representatives of branches that have a potential interest in the subject. Individual representatives for the groups of industrial and municipal representatives, farmers, researchers and academic teachers, etc. were pooled. The results showed that main difficulties may arise from farmer attitudes towards nontraditional crops. This group of people showed great suspiciousness towards new crops, an attitude, which might be explained in part by the fact that the average level of knowledge concerning SRF energy plantations was low. Another factor that may strongly influence the introduction of SRF plantation is the land availability and suitability. Concerning the relatively large arable lands in Poland in comparison to other European countries the land availability potential has been investigated. On the base of two factors projecting the mentioned aspects of land, the analysis has been performed to figure out regions in Poland with the highest short rotation forestry potential.

Open access

Lidia Hirnle, Monika Wróbel and Anna Parkita

Abstract

Introduction. The multi-faceted function of music and its influence on psychological as well as physical well-being have been known from ancient times. Positive reports regarding music therapy contributed to increased interest in this particular branch among many obstetricians and neonatologists. The following study describes the review of clinical trials concerning music influence on pregnant women, women giving birth and on newborns. It has been proved using cardiotocography that fetus reacts to music - for example increased fetal heart rate was monitored as well as the baby being more active when the mother was exposed to particular sounds. Additionally, newborns respond positively (calm down more easily) when listening to the kind of music that their mothers had been listening to during pregnancy. Listening to classical, religious or even popular music can effectively reduce anxiety and pain sensation among pregnant women in both vaginal delivery as well as caesarean section. Two weeks of listening to music for 30 minutes a day can significantly reduce the risk of post-natal depression. In the case of newborns, especially premature neonates, the choice of music has a particularly strong impact. The American Academy of Pediatrics acknowledged 45 dB as an upper limit for the sound that should reach the incubator. Results. Babies exposed to higher level of noise can be at risk of changes in routinely monitored parameters such as increased heart rate, breathing frequency and hypoxia. On the contrary, a reversed outcome can be achieved by applying pieces by Mozart. Current reports prove the positive influence of introducing music therapy as an element of interdisciplinary and holistic care of pregnant women and newborns.

Open access

Jerzy Piechura, Anna Skrzek, Krystyna Rożek and Ewelina Wróbel

Zastosowanie zabiegów krioterapii miejscowej w terapii osób z zespołem bolesnego barku

Celem pracy była ocena skuteczności zabiegów krioterapii miejscowej w leczeniu pacjentów z zespołem bolesnego barku wynikającego z patologii stożka rotatorów. Materiał i metody badań: 20 pacjentów z zespołem bolesnego barku poddano postępowaniu fizjoterapeutycznemu przez okres dwóch tygodni. Fizjoterapia obejmowała zabiegi krioterapii miejscowej oraz kinezyterapię. U wszystkich badanych przed i po fizjoterapii mierzono: czynny zakres ruchu w zespole stawów barku, siłę ścisku ręki, oceniano stopień natężenia bólu oraz wykonano wybrane testy czynnościowe. Wnioski: po zakończeniu postępowania fizjoterapeutycznego u pacjentów zanotowano zwiększenie siły mięśniowej i zmniejszenie dolegliwości bólowych. W badanej grupie płeć i wiek nie miały znaczenia w uzyskaniu lepszych efektów terapeutycznych.

Open access

Anna Wróbel and Marcin Nobis

Abstract

New localities of Eragrostis albensis H. Scholz and Dittrichia graveolens (L.) Greuter have been found in the southern Poland. The former taxon is currently considered a kenophyte (epecophyte and holoagriophyte) in the country. It occurs on sandy alluvia along Vistula, Oder and San River Valleys as well as on anthropogenic sites mainly in the eastern and south-eastern Poland. The latter species is a recent newcomer regarded as an ephemerophyte, which so far has been reported from only one locality in Śląskie Province. In 2017 we discovered 16 new localities of E. albensis and five of D. graveolens on the territory of the southern Poland. Populations of both species consisted of few to several dozen individuals which grew within anthropogenic habitats, mainly roadsides. Distribution maps of both species in the southern Poland were presented.

Open access

Maciej Włodarski, Anna Czabanowska-Wróbel, Anna Legeżyńska, Regina Lubas-Bartoszyńska and Jacek Lyszczyna

Open access

Aleksandra Karcz, Anna Majda, Aldona Wróbel and Tomasz Karcz

Abstract

Introduction. Asthma is a chronic disease. Risky health behaviours among patients like exposure to allergens or stress, smoking, irregular drug taking, lack of physical activity can exacerbate the condition. Psychosocial resources, like self-efficacy, social support and patient’s acceptance of the condition may prove helpful in coping with the disease.

Aim. Investigating health behaviours among asthmatic patients, discussing psychosocial resources and assessing the degree of disease acceptance in order to account for the relationship between the latter two variables.

Material and methods. The study group included 100 patients suffering from asthma. A questionnaire designed especially for investigating that group of patients, as well as two standardized tools (the Acceptance of Illness Scale and the General Self-Efficacy Scale) were used. A chi-square test was used for performing a statistical analysis. the level of significance was set at p <0.05.

Results. Some 43% of patients assessed their acceptance of the condition as medium, while another 52% assessed their self-efficacy as average. Almost all respondents (91%) received support from their loved ones. Almost all admitted they engaged in some physical activity. Most respondents took drugs irregularly and were exposed to stress; more than a half declared exposure to allergens. The higher their self-efficacy was, the more likely they were to engage in sport activities. Self-efficacy and acceptance of the disease by respondents resulted in a significant decrease in asthma exacerbation incidence. The more support they received, the higher their acceptance of the disease was.

Conclusions. The respondents showed both positive and negative health behaviours. Self-efficacy was a significant predictor/ indicator of physical activity only. There was a significant relationship between the support that the patients received and their acceptance of the disease.

Open access

Anna Wróbel, Ewelina Klichowska, Agnieszka Nobis and Marcin Nobis

Abstract

Arabis recta Vill. is a therophyte currently considered to be endangered in Poland (EN category). The species has been reported from ca. 20 localities situated mainly in the Nida Basin (southeastern Poland). Arabis recta is usually a component of xero-thermophile grasslands, but it can also grow in arable fields or fallows. An abundant population of A. recta was found on slopes of the Góra Sosnówka hill (Małopolska Upland) in 2017. This newly discovered locality is currently the northernmost in Poland. The distribution of A. recta in Poland as well as collected phytosociological documentation are presented.

Open access

Maria Mielnik-Błaszczak, Anna Struska, Katarzyna Rudnicka-Siwek, Magdalena Warsz, Piotr Stachurski, Elżbieta Pels and Rafał Wróbel

Abstract

A 9.5 year-old patient, following an accident, suffered a comminuted lateral fracture of the root of tooth 21 at the neck level. The treatment consisted of immobilizing and maintaining tooth vitality. The presented case provides a basis for the conclusion that premature radical, surgical and endodontic actions should not always be performed.

Open access

Aleksandra Wlaz, Maria W. Kondrat-Wrobel, Katarzyna Zaluska, Ewelina Kochman, Anna R. Rekas and Jarogniew J. Luszczki

Abstract

This study was aimed at characterizing the anticonvulsant effects of levetiracetam in combination with gabapentin, in the mouse 6 Hz psychomotor seizure model. Herein, psychomotor seizures were evoked in male albino Swiss mice by a current (32 mA, 6 Hz, 3 s stimulus duration) delivered via ocular electrodes. Type II isobolographic analysis was used to characterize the anticonvulsant interactions between the drugs in combination, for fixed-ratios of 1:1, 1:2, 1:5 and 1:10. The type II isobolographic analysis revealed that the combinations of levetiracetam with gabapentin for the fixed-ratios of 1:5 and 1:10 were supra-additive (synergistic; P<0.05) in terms of seizure suppression, while the combinations for the fixed-ratios of 1:1 and 1:2 were additive in the mouse 6 Hz psychomotor seizure model. We conclude that, as the combinations of levetiracetam with gabapentin for the fixed-ratios of 1:5 and 1:10 exerted supra-additive (synergistic) interaction in the mouse 6 Hz psychomotor seizure model, this may be considered as particularly favorable combinations in further clinical practice.

Open access

Anna Pachla, Zofia Lendzion-Bieluń, Dariusz Moszyński, Agata Markowska-Szczupak, Urszula Narkiewicz, Rafał J. Wróbel, Niko Guskos and Grzegorz Żołnierkiewicz

Abstract

Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles were obtained in the polyethylene glycol environment. An effect of precipitation and drying temperatures on the size of the prepared nanoparticles was observed. Superparamagnetic iron oxide Fe3O4, around of 15 nm, was obtained at a precipitation temperature of 80°C and a drying temperature of 60°C. The presence of functional groups characteristic for a polyethylene glycol surfactant on the surface of nanoparticles was confirmed by FTIR and XPS measurements. Silver nanoparticles were introduced by the impregnation. Fe3O4-Ag nanostructure with bactericidal properties against Escherichia coli species was produced. Interesting magnetic properties of these materials may be helpful to separate the bactericidal agent from the solution.