Education of young generation, aimed at teaching how to manage own knowledge in the economy, is a great challenge for the teaching staff at each stage of education. The paper is to analyze the data describing the selection of development path of pupils and students. Comparing them with the expectations set up by the market through the implementation of the concept of Industry 4.0 will allow the estimation of whether the technical education offer (in the area of Industrial Engineering) is a sufficient response to the economic preferences relating to employment.
Klaudia Jakubowska, Barbara Kuczek, Anna Wiśniewska, Anna Pilewska-Kozak and Beata Dobrowolska
Introduction. Jehovah’s Witnesses absolutely refuse having blood transfusion performed. The situation is even more difficult when the refusal of blood transfusion concerns a child. Despite existing legal solutions, medical staff experiences value conflicts.
Aim. To analyze the opinions of pediatric nurses about problems that may arise in case of Jehovah’s Witnesses refusal of blood transfusion for their child.
Material and methods. Quantitative research was based on a diagnostic survey method. The variables were measured with the use of a survey questionnaire co-developed by the authors. A group of 104 pediatric nurses from the South-East Poland participated in the study.
Results. To the question “Have you ever encountered the situation throughout all your working career when parents refused their child to undergo a blood treatment due to their beliefs?”, 67.31% (n = 70) of the respondents replied the situation rarely happened. Half of the nurses surveyed (n = 52, 50.02%) admitted they did not accept the position of Jehovah’s Witnesses concerning blood treatment. Most of the nurses surveyed – 87.38% (n = 89) think the existence of procedures on how to proceed in this difficult situation is crucial, and 83% (n = 86) of the respondents admitted that there was no better solution than the already existing legal procedure.
Conclusions. The most difficult experience of pediatric nurses in the situation of Jehovah’s Witnesses refusal of blood transfusion for their child is in the opinion of surveyed nurses, endangering the child’s health or even life. Thus, most of the respondents agree that the best solution in that case is to implement a legal procedure that allows blood transfusion despite parents’ refusal.
Kazimierz Jankowski, Roman Kolczarek, Jolanta Jankowska, Jacek Sosnowski, Beata Wiśniewska-Kadżajan, Milena Truba and Anna Kaczorek
In the pot experiment, conducted in a phytotron at a constant temperature 22°C and artificial lighting, the effectiveness of growth regulator concentrations on the inhibition of shoot growth of perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) and cocksfoot (Dactylis glomerata L.) was evaluated. In the study, a single growth inhibitor, with the trade name Flordimex SL 420 (active substance: ethephon, 2-chloroethylphosphonic acid), was applied in varying concentrations of 10%, 20% and 30%. In the experimental series, every 3 days in the period from 7 May to 6 June 2008, 10 measurements were performed. Empirical data were statistically evaluated. In the experiment with perennial ryegrass and cocksfoot, it was found that 30% of inhibitor concentration used inhibited the growth of shoots in the grass species studied.
Joanna Hydzik-Wiśniewska, Anna Wilk, Łukasz Bednarek and Sebastian OIesiak
One of the most important elements of road construction is its substructure, which constitutes the base on which the next layers of road are placed. Mixture of crushed-stone aggregate is very often used as material for substructure. The most frequently used type of aggregate is magma rocks, due to its good physical-mechanical properties. However, it is not always available, so it is substituted by sandstone or even concrete rubble aggregates. The bearing ratio CBR is a parameter determining the suitability of a certain aggregate for road substructure. It is also one of the most popular quality tests of aggregate as it does not require complex apparatus. This paper analyses the results of physical and geotechnical tests with particular focus on CBR bearing ratio of crushed aggregates and their application as substructure for road construction. There has also been an attempt to find the correlation between CBR bearing ratio and other physical and geometrical properties.
Anna Wiśniewska-Sałek, Duangthida Hussadintorn Na Ayutthaya, Diana Mequita and Wichai Chattinnawat
Industry 4.0, in the context of revolution, relates to changes in the industry but actually it does not begin or end with it. The most important in the whole process of digitization and intelligent solutions is the human factor. In fact, everything begins with it: design, creation, service and everything ends: implementation, interpretation of results, improvement through previous experiences. Therefore, what should the employee that will meet the challenges of the industrial revolution 4.0 be like? The objective of the paper is to create the profile of the employee 4.0 who, in the education process, uses learning methods and teaching concepts so that they could satisfy the requirements set by the revolutionized economy. The reference point will be the use of the research conducted by the consortium members under the project of MSIE-CBHE, which is Erasmus+ Curriculum Development of Master’s Degree Program in Industrial Engineering for Thailand Sustainable Smart Industry (MSIE4.0) funded by the European Commission the authors of the publication also belong to.
Grzegorz Józef Nowicki, Barbara Ślusarska, Ewa Rudnicka-Drożak, Anna Wiśniewska, Bernadeta Jędrzejkiewicz, Kamil Pielaszkiewicz and Aleksandra Sekut
Aim. Determination of health behaviors in the group of people performing medical and non-medical professions.
Material and methods. The research covered 598 individuals divided into two groups: those performing medical professions (group M, n = 305) and non-medical (group P; n = 293). Standardized tools were used: Health Behavior Inventory, Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Scale - version B, General Self-Efficacy Scale on risk factors and prevention of civilization diseases (own authorship). The controls were subjected to measurement of blood pressure as well as their height and body mass tests.
Results. In group M, the level of self-efficacy, the location of health control in terms of the influence of the others and the chance, age, incidence of cardiovascular diseases in the father, smoking and the level of mean systolic blood pressure explain 17.5% of the variability of health behavior. In group P, the level of self-efficacy, location of health control in terms of the influence of the others and the chance, monthly net income per a family member, the occurrence of neoplasms in siblings, smoking, average blood pressure and the level of knowledge about risk factors and prevention of civilization diseases explain 27.9% of the variance of the health behavior variable.
Conclusions. There is a diversification of selected determinants of health behaviors in the group of individuals performing medical and non-medical professions, with their stronger impact on non-medical professionals (17.5% vs. 27.9% of their variability).