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Anna Dąbrowska

Sense of coherence and coping with stress in fathers of children with developmental disabilities**

The aim of the study is to analyse the sense of coherence (SOC) and strategies of coping with stress in fathers of disabled children. The research involved 128 fathers of children with Down syndrome, autism, cerebral palsy and children with normal development. Two questionnaires were used: The Sense of Coherence Questionnaire (SOC-29) measuring SOC level and Ways of Coping Questionnaire (WCQ) measuring strategies of coping with stress. The research revealed that there is a relationship between the type of child's developmental disability and SOC in fathers. The fathers with a low level of SOC more frequently used strategies of avoidance while the fathers with a high level of SOC more frequently used confrontation, positive reappraisal and planful problem solving. The results of the research indicate that looking after a disabled child may lower SOC and in turn may cause difficulties in coping with stress.

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Anna Dąbrowska and Julita Łukomska

Subregional Growth Poles in the Competition for Development Factors

This article presents the findings of a two-year research project1. The main aim of the project was to analyse the role and growth possibilities of subregional centres in Poland, taking into account polarisation processes and a knowledge-based economy. The cities chosen for their degree of competitiveness and growth possibilities were those of over 40000 inhabitants, not situated in close proximity to capitals of Polish regions. Apart from that questionnaires were sent by post to all previously identified subregional growth poles and municipalities of their surroundings. Moreover, ten subregional growth poles were chosen to be analysed as case studies. Six fragmentary hypotheses were verified in the research: historical hypothesis, metropolitan hypothesis, hypothesis of internal resources, networking hypothesis, hypothesis of strong surroundings, administrative-political hypothesis.

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Anna Dąbrowska

Abstract

The natural environment, as a source of natural resources, has long been perceived as being a factor in determining the development of many states and regions, especially less developed areas. The main research question in this article is what role is played by natural resources and traditional industry sectors based on natural resources (milk production and tourism), in the process of establishing a competitive advantage for Podlaskie Voivodeship, which is one of the less developed regions in Poland. The results of the research reveal weaknesses that are inherent in earlier ways of thinking about these industries and, at the same time, emphasise the importance of making use of natural resources in an integrated way and combining them with new technologies.

Open access

Anna Dąbrowska-Zimakowska

Streszczenie

Wstęp: Wczesna dorosłość jest okresem w życiu człowieka, ktory stawia przed nim liczne zadania. Aby skutecznie je realizować trzeba posiadać dobrze rozwinięte umiejętności radzenia sobie. Niepełnosprawność wrodzona wprowadza w życie dodatkowe wyzwania, ktore często zakłocają proces wchodzenia w dorosłość. Celem pracy jest analiza poczucia koherencji i strategii radzenia sobie ze stresem przez młodych dorosłych z porażeniem mozgowym.

Materiał i metody: W badaniu wzięło udział 30 osob z porażeniem mozgowym w wieku 20-35 lat i 30 osob sprawnych stanowiących grupę odniesienia. Zastosowano kwestionariusz SOC-29 do pomiaru poziomu poczucia koherencji i WCQ określający strategie radzenia sobie ze stresem.

Wyniki: analiza statystyczna wykazała, że osoby z porażeniem mozgowym w porownaniu z osobami sprawnymi przejawiały niższy poziom globalnego poczucia koherencji i poczucia zaradności. W obszarze strategii radzenia sobie ze stresem stwierdzono, że osoby niepełnosprawne znacznie rzadziej stosowały poszukiwanie wsparcia. Analiza korelacji wykazała, związek między poszukiwaniem wsparcia a globalnym poczuciem koherencji i jego trzema komponentami.

Wnioski: Istnieje potrzeba zwrocenia uwagi w procesie rehabilitacji na rozwijanie zasobow odpornościowych pacjentow oraz umiejętność poszukiwania wsparcia, rozumianego jako strategia pośrednicząca w skutecznym radzeniu sobie.

Open access

Zofia Ignasiak, Anna Skrzek and Grażyna Dąbrowska

Bone Mineral Density and Body Composition of Senior Female Students of the University of the Third Age in View of Their Diverse Physical Activity

Purpose. Human physical activity is an important component of health and it gains a special significance with age, influencing the quality of life of elderly people. The present study discusses the question of whether the level of physical activity is a sufficient stimulus to evoke positive changes in body composition and bone mineral density in women from the University of the Third Age. Basic procedures. The research was conducted on 90 women aged between 65 and 74, students of the U3A. The subjects were divided into two groups on the basis of the amount of their level of physical activity declared by them in questionnaires (1-2 times a week - low physical activity group; 3 and more times a week - high physical activity group). The following measurements were taken: body weight and body height (on the basis of which the BMI was calculated for each subject), body composition including percent fat and water content as well as the amount of body fat and water, with the aid of Futurex-5000 (NIR technique). Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) was used to measure the bone mineral density (BMD) of the proximal segment of the femoral bone (g/cm2) with the Lunar DPX-plus densitometer. Main findings. Mean, standard deviation and coefficient of variation were applied in the statistical analysis. The differences between the variables were analyzed with Student's t-test. Conclusions. The research results imply the necessity of conducting a systematic and thorough analysis of the lifestyle and quality of life of elderly people.

Open access

Anna Dąbrowska and Jacek Szlachta

Abstract

In the discussion of regional development factors in recent years, more and more importance has been attributed to territory, locality, site specificity and endogenous resources, as evidenced on theoretical grounds by the concept of territorial capital (Camagni 2008) and regional, place-based policy. This article aims to identify the elements of territorial capital that play a key role in the process of changing the development path of an underdeveloped region - Podkarpackie - as well as ascertaining what consequences territorial capital has for development planning within regional policy. The research highlights the importance of the immobile and intangible development factors - a high level of social capital, extensive networks and the ability to cooperate - which have helped to eliminate the limitations resulting from the weakness of other factors (especially material factors, such as private capital and low GDP).

Open access

Anna Sebastjan, Grażyna Dąbrowska, Zofia Ignasiak and Grzegorz Żurek

Ocena motoryki precyzyjnej ręki starszych kobiet o różnym poziomie aktywności ruchowej

Możliwości wykonywania dokładnych i precyzyjnych ruchów manualnych odgrywają decydującą rolę w codziennym funkcjonowaniu człowieka, decydując często o jego przydatności zawodowej. Celem pracy jest ocena poziomu motoryki precyzyjnej ręki starszych kobiet o zróżnicowanym poziomie aktywności ruchowej. Zbadano 153 słuchaczki Uniwersytetu Trzeciego Wieku przy Uniwersytecie Wrocławskim (35 kobiet o wyższym poziomie aktywności i 118 seniorek o niższym poziomie aktywności ruchowej). W badaniach motoryki precyzyjnej ręki wykorzystano test MLS z panelu Wiedeńskiego Zestawu Testów. Wyniki wskazują, że poziom motoryki precyzyjnej ręki słuchaczek UTW we Wrocławiu jest dobry. Nie stwierdzono różnic między wynikami kobiet podejmujących regularną aktywność ruchową. Można przypuszczać, że czynności precyzyjne ręki wykorzystywane w życiu codziennym i wcześniejszej pracy zawodowej podlegają wolniejszym procesom inwolucyjnym niż ogólna sprawność fizyczna.

Open access

Anna Dąbrowska-Tkaczyk, Anna Floriańczyk, Roman Grygoruk, Konstanty Skalski and Piotr Borkowski

Virtual and Material Models of Human Thoracic-Lumbar Spine with Compressive Fracture Based on Patients' CT Data and the Rapid Prototyping Technique

The paper presents the development procedures for both virtual 3D-CAD and material models of fractured segments of human spine formulated with the use of computer tomography (CT) and rapid prototyping (RP) technique. The research is a part of the project within the framework of which a database is developed, comprising both 3D-CAD and material models of segments of thoracic-lumbar spine in which one vertebrae is subjected to compressive fracture for a selected type of clinical cases. The project is devoted to relocation and stabilisation procedures of fractured vertebrae made with the use of ligamentotaxis method. The paper presents models developed for five patients and, for comparison purposes, one for a normal spine. The RP material models have been built basing on the corresponding 3D-CAD ones with the use of fused deposition modelling (FDM) technology. 3D imaging of spine segments in terms of 3D-CAD and material models allows for the analysis of bone structures, classification of clinical cases and provides the surgeons with the data helpful in choosing the proper way of treatment. The application of the developed models to numerical and experimental simulations of relocation procedure of fractured vertebra is planned.

Open access

Barbara Jankowska, Anna Matysek-Jędrych and Katarzyna Mroczek-Dąbrowska

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to explain how national innovation systems may transform innovation input into innovation output in different counties. Using the Global Innovation Index (GII) we discuss what can be understood by the term ‘innovation’ and how it is translated into the national level. The research question is founded on the assumption that the higher the innovation input, the higher the innovation output attained by a country. We use cluster analysis to verify our assumption, referring to a total of 228 countries. Afterwards we conduct a more in‑depth analysis of two cases (Poland and Bulgaria), where the research question does not find confirmation. Using the cross‑comparison method we aim to verify how and why national innovation systems failed (or succeeded) in creating innovations.

Open access

Stefan Kleinmann, Anna Dąbrowska, Agathe Koller-Hodac, Domenico Leonardo and Ralf Stetter

Model of a Combined Pump and Drive System for Advanced Control and Diagnosis

An elaborate study executed in the direction of exploring energy saving potential shows that more than 20% of electrical energy used in industry is used for pump systems. Experts calculate that more than 30% of this energy can be saved by improving control and diagnosis for pump systems. Unfortunately, the application ratio of such system is small and consequently a large demand for such technological advanced systems can still be observed in the pump industry. Because of this reason and still growing demand of saving energy in industry, two Universities in Germany and Switzerland together with leading German pump manufacturer decided to join their knowledge and skill to work on the project called "Smart Pump". This paper presents one of the first results of this project, which goal is the development of future control methods and diagnosis systems for intelligent pumps.