Anna Bednarek, Anna Bodajko-Grochowska, Danuta Zarzycka, Andrzej Emeryk and Elżbieta Cichosz
Introduction. The physical activity of adolescents forms an important aspect of their normal development and the prevention of lifestyle diseases.
Aim. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the effect of physical activity of adolescents on the prevention of lifestyle diseases.
Material and method. The study covered a sample of 135 students from a secondary school in Zamość, Poland, was conducted in 2016, and used the diagnostic survey method. The research tool was the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) in its Polish adaptation (the abridged version) and a survey questionnaire developed by the authors.
Results. More than half of the respondents (63.70%) engaged in sports activities in addition to PE classes at school, usually choosing team sports. According to the IPAQ key, 40.74% of the students demonstrated a high level of physical activity, 39.26% a moderate level, and 20% an insufficient level. The students were of the view that regular physical activity is of substantial importance in the prevention of diabetes (12.66% of the boys; 28.57% of the girls; p=0.037). At the same time, it was found not to have any major effect on the prevention of obesity, cancers, diseases of the musculoskeletal system or cardiovascular diseases.
Conclusions. The majority of the students declared that they regularly engaged in physical activity outside of school. According to the IPAQ assessment, the physical activity of adolescents remains at a high level, which may be considered as a positive indicator for the prevention of lifestyle diseases.
Kamil Janeczek, Faustyna Piędel, Klaudia Pagacz and Andrzej Emeryk
Introduction. Completing medical studies provides many opportunities. The professional qualifications of doctors are recognized in most hospitals in the European Union and the freedom of movement is conducive to migration abroad. Financial conditions also encourage searching for work in other countries.
Aim. The main purpose of this paper is to present the problem of international migration through the eyes of students of the Medical University of Lublin. We carried out an analysis of the motives and activities which lead students to look for work abroad.
Material and methods. The study was conducted in 2018 using the diagnostic survey method. The 3rd-6th year students of the medical faculty were given the task to fill out an online questionnaire. As many as 63.2% of the 87 respondents were women. The questionnaire included 10 questions regarding the demographic situation of the respondents, their willingness and motives to take up work abroad in the future, and also the actions they are taking to reach that goal (e.g. learning foreign languages).
Results. After completing their medical studies, 32 respondents (36.8%) plan to start working outside of Poland. It was found that men declare a desire to emigrate more often than women (p=0.002). The motivation of people deciding to stay, turned out to be the proximity of their family home, while emigration was motivated mainly by financial reasons (32 people, 100%) and more specialization opportunities (28 people, 87.5%). Germany was the most frequently mentioned migration destination by the respondents. There was a strong relationship between the foreign language which the respondents were learning and their planned direction of emigration (p=0.029, V=0.643).
Conclusions. Foreign emigration is considered by an increasing number of medical students. Third year students also take into account working abroad. Due to the issue of migration, it is necessary to look for strategic actions that will ensure the proper functioning of healthcare in Poland.
Agnieszka Wańkowicz, Piotr Wańkowicz, Paweł Golubka, Wiktoria Golubka, Dominik Dłuski, Radzisław Mierzyński, Dorota Darmochwał-Kolarz and Andrzej Emeryk
Introduction. Patients, as subjects of medical care, are becoming increasingly more demanding toward medical professionals which poses a challenge both for doctors and nurses. A variety of factors influences the professional image of a nurse. Different features are involved, including the nurse’s professional or interpersonal skills their personal beliefs, attitude, as well as social stereotypes about nurses.
Aim. Looking at the image of nursing among the children hospitalized in the oncology ward.
Material and methods. The authors used both literature review and a questionnaire of their own making. The literature review was done using data from the databases of Polish Central Medical Library. The research group comprised 32 children (aged from 8 to 17), all undergoing hospitalization in Hematology/Oncology and Child Transplantology in Lublin. The statistical calculations are made using Chi2 tests. The test results of p<0.05 were held as statistically significant.
Results. The group was mostly composed of children aged 14 to 17 (56.25%). There were more boys (62.5%) than girls. The majority of children came from rural areas (71.87%) and most of them read through the documentation concerning the rules of the ward. Both nurses’ work and relations with patients were graded as “good” by the patients. Children pointed to “nice appearance” as the most important feature of every nurse.
Discussion. A pediatric nurse should be patient, have lots of understanding, be sympathetic, caring and able to hold their nerve. Unfortunately, according to authors of earlier studies, not all nurses have these traits. This is due to the fact that the staff rarely involve in communication with the patients and they lack interpersonal skills.
Conclusions. Children have a very high opinion on the work of nurses at the Hematology/Oncology and Child Transplantology Clinics. The children emphasized that the following features have the highest impact on their picture of the nurse: nice looks, being protective and caring. A research study conducted at the Hematology/Oncology and Child Transplantology Clinics shows the right features that a nurse should have