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Andrzej Adamkiewicz and Wojciech Zeńczak

Abstract

Heavy oils (HFO fuels) used on ships play a part in degradation of technical condition of heat exchange surfaces of utilization boilers especially on the exhaust gas side. Presence of sulphur in these fuels is the main factor favouring degradation. The upper limit for sulphur content in the fuel used outside the SECA areas equal to 3.5% is currently in force, at least until the year 2020 or 2025. The recommended by classification societies overhauls of utilization boilers are, therefore characterized by a specially chosen strategy thanks to which it is possible to maintain their appropriate technical condition. The requirement to use fuels with low sulphur content (LSFO), which are significantly more expensive than MDO fuels, in the areas of controlled sulphur emissions also led to a further introduction of alternative fuels, such as methanol and above all liquefied natural gas (LNG), onto ships. That is especially valid for the ship owners whose vessels e.g. ferries sail mainly within SCECA This article analyses the consequences of the introduced fuel change on utilization boiler maintenance. A change in the technical condition maintenance strategy for utilization boilers has been suggested.

Open access

Andrzej Adamkiewicz and Jan Drzewieniecki

Abstract

The paper discusses the problem of maintenance of the marine steam turbogenerator sets used in power systems on VLCC type oil tankers. The analysis of operation, monitoring and applied diagnostic methods of a selected turbogenerator working in the AT series waste energy system produced by Mitsubishi is presented. The analysis focuses on the applied maintenance method and its credibility and effectiveness in terms of technical assessment. The results of the performed maintenance actions and applied operational procedures making use of technical diagnostics and supported by a wider range of measurement capabilities of external service are presented and evaluated. The range of the study includes the readiness, reliability and safety of the use of turbogenerators being the result of the maintenance performed in accordance with the applied strategy of operation.

Open access

Andrzej Adamkiewicz, Marek Bartoszewski and Martin Kendra

Abstract

The article justifies the application of gas fuels for supplying auxiliary ship boilers. It presents legal regulations on maritime environmental protection areas and their requirements which are in power. It shows the chronology of introduced limitations on sulphur and nitrogen dioxide emissions and thresholds of carbon dioxide emission reduction expressed by EEDI (Energy Efficiency Design Indicator) and EEOI (Energy Efficiency Operational Indicator). Ways to decrease the values of EEDI and EEOI in the ship energy effectiveness management have been shown. Consequences of replacing marine fuels with LNG for running auxiliary ship boilers have been considered thoroughly, taking into account ecological, constructional, operational, procedural and logistic limitations as well as economic consequences. The summary shows the influence of particular consequences of using LNG for running boilers on the methods of maintenance of auxiliary boilers.