Nowadays, smart devices like computers, tablets, and smartphones allow transmitting the information everywhere, with high speed, over the World Wide Web. However, risks regarding data integrity, privacy and security when using the Internet, increased dramatically, as methods designed to exploit the system’s vulnerabilities are more and more sophisticated. Therefore the need for people working in professional environments to protect their private data when using unsecure connections, by employing advanced tools. There are multiple solutions, but we will focus on the use of virtualization software like VMware or Oracle Virtual Box, together with traditional privacy measures (use of proxies and VPN’s). Today’s smart devices store an important amount of data about their owners and, in most of the cases, people don’t even realize this. Installing and using protection means is often not enough. They have to be properly setup in order to ensure the desired level of security, or anonymity, when using the Internet, and require for the military personnel a good knowledge not only about cyber vulnerabilities and risks, but also technical capabilities and features of the employed security solutions.
DISCLAIMER: This paper expresses the views, interpretations, and independent position of the authors. It should not be regarded as an official document, nor expressing formal opinions or policies, of NATO or the HUMINT Centre of Excellence (HCOE).
István Gergely, Tudor Sorin Pop, Tiberiu Bățagă, Andrei-Marian Feier, Sándor-György Zuh and Octav Russu
Knee osteoarthritis or gonarthrosis is considered the most common joint disease, affecting more than 70% of subjects aged over 65 years. Its occurrence is increasing with age and is more problematic with the current rise in the incidence of obesity. In severe and advanced cases, total knee arthroplasty is recommended as a gold standard therapy for pain relief, restoration of normal knee function, and quality of life improvement. There are numerous controversies whether total knee arthroplasty is able to reach and provide end-point outcomes and restore previous function of the knee joint. Studies suggest that the surgeons’ experience, type of prosthesis used, associated pathology, underlying pathologies, risk factors, continuous passive movement, and patient expectations about the surgery may influence the outcomes to a great extent. “Normal knee function” is a statement that is hardly defined in the current literature, as authors usually refer to subjective results when analyzing outcomes. Objective results may be more straightforward, but they do not always symbolize the actual state that the patient is reporting or the actual quality of life. Our objective was to analyze and present summaries of the current literature regarding normal knee function restoration after total knee replacement surgery. Our literature review results confirm the hypothesis that subjective and objective results are difficult to interpret and unravel. Complex future trials may bring supplementary and clearer conclusions regarding knee function and kinematics, clinical improvement, patient satisfaction, and quality of life.
Radu Fleaca, Mihai Roman, Tiberiu Bățagă, Andrei-Marian Feier, Radu Prejbeanu, Vlad Predescu, Sándor-György Zuh, István Gergely and Octav Russu
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are increasing amongst professional and recreational athletes, and creating prevention programs to reduce the occurrence of ACL damages is becoming a necessity. To prevent an ACL tear, it is necessary to comprehend the mechanisms and the risk factors of injury. Biomechanical and clinical studies try to understand these complex mechanisms in order to identify factors that can be improved and to develop training programs to prevent at least non-contact ACL injuries. There are several promising programs, but there are still many questions to answer. This paper analyzes the risk factors for ACL injuries and some aspects of the modern programs developed to decrease the rate of ACL tears.