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  • Author: András Tóth x
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Abstract

From its beginning until today the Hungarian hydrocarbon industry has suffered more than seventy bigger accidents where intervention of the fire service and thorough examination was required. In the article the author presents the short analysis of accidents that were collected, systemized, and entered into database during the research, and their integration into the Geographic Information System (GIS). Based on the finished database, with the extended list of the locations’ GPS coordinates, the accidents will be entered into the ArcMap application. The publication of the accidents will be done with the help of Arcgis Viewer for Flex – Application Builder program. Following the GIS placement of accidents, testing, drawing conclusions and summarization are the main goals. The next step will be the preparation for assigning the database to the Disaster Management Decision Support Geographic Information System. Following the international publication, the long-term goal is the connection of each country’s files of dangerous industrial activities that were collected by researchers into one common database.

Abstract

The forest area in Hungary has increased during the last century from 1.1 to 2.0 million ha. The European Union supports further afforestation so roughly 15 -18 000 hectares are being planted each year, mostly on the Hungarian Great Plain. Water uptake of forests from groundwater can be significant in shallow groundwater areas of the Hungarian Great Plain especially in drought periods. Therefore forests can induce water table depression and subsurface salt accumulation above saline water table in areas with a negative water balance.

The impact of forests is examined by a systematic study on the Hungarian Great Plain., An oak forest and a pasture groundwater uptake and salt accumulation effect were compared at the stand scale. Under the forest the water table levels were roughly 0.5 m lower than under the pasture, and the groundwater uptake of the oak plot was more than twice as great. Larger forest groundwater use is not followed by a higher salt uptake. Therefore slight salt accumulation was measured both in the soil and also in the groundwater. Higher groundwater uptake may cause more significant salt accumulation under pronounced drought conditions of a warmer climate.