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  • Author: Anca-Maria Rusu x
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Abstract

There has been a constant interest in Shakespeare in the last twenty years among playwrights, critics, directors and actors. The revival of Shakespeare studies, the multitude of interpretations, theatre productions, research studies of doctoral type have been not just a reconsideration of texts, but also an attempt to modernise them. These findings and many other reflections on Shakespearean theatre and an amazing diversity, on which it had been founded, are the result of the doctoral research done by Antonella Cornici on the Shakespearean soliloquy and its diverse Romanian stage versions appeared in performances between 1990-2015.

Abstract

Background and Aims: We assessed the effect of intensive therapy on modifiable cardiovascular (CV) risk factors and CV risk as compared to conventional therapy in patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).

Material and Methods: This was an observational, prospective study, conducted in Romania. During 1-year follow-up period the enrolled participants received either multi-factorial pharmacotherapy associated with intensive therapeutic education (Intensive group), or conventional therapy (Control group). Current analysis included data (anthropometric measurements, blood pressure and biochemical parameters) recorded at months (M) 0, 6 and 12. CV risk was calculated at M1 and M12 using the UK Prospective Diabetes Study Risk Engine.

Results: 138 patients aged 57.02±10.05 years were included in this analysis (69 in each group). At M6 and M12 a significant improvement of the majority of the modifiable risk factors in the Intensive group compared to the Control group was observed. At M12, coronary heart disease (CHD)/fatal-CHD risks were significantly lower in the Intensive (7.5%/3.1%) than in the Control (17.95%/10.3%) group (p<0.05). A similar trend was observed for the stroke/fatal-stroke risks.

Conclusions: CHD/fatal-CHD and stroke/fatal-stroke risk burden decreased in newly diagnosed diabetic patients following multi-factorial pharmacotherapy association with intensive lifestyle changes during 1-year follow-up.

Abstract

Background

Colorectal cancer is a successful model of genetic biomarker development in oncology. Currently, several predictive or prognostic genetic alterations have been identified and are used in clinical practice. The RAS gene family, which includes KRAS and NRAS act as predictors for anti-epithelial growth factor receptor treatment (anti-EGFR), and it has been suggested that NRAS mutations also play a role in prognosis: patients harboring NRAS alterations have a significantly shorter survival compared to those with wild type tumours. BRAF V600E mutations are rare and occur mostly in tumors located in the ascending colon in elderly female patients. BRAF is instrumental in establishing prognosis: survival is shorter by 10–16 months in BRAF-mutant patients, and BRAF may be a negative prognostic factor for patients who undergo hepatic or pulmonary metastasectomy. Moreover, this mutation is used as a negative predictive factor for anti-EGFR therapies. Two new biomarkers have recently been added to the metastatic colorectal cancer panel: HER2 and microsatellite instability. While HER2 is still being investigated in different prospective studies in order to validate its prognostic role, microsatellite instability already guides clinical decisions in substituted with advanced colorectal cancer.

Conclusions

There are current evidences that support using above mentioned genetic biomarkers to better identify the right medicine that is supposed to be used in the right patient. This approach contributes to a more individualized patient-oriented treatment in daily clinical practice.