Introduction: The aim of this presentation is to highlight the usefulness of high-frequency ultrasound (18 MHz) in localized morphea for: identification of the lesion, guided skin biopsy, quantification of skin thickness, evaluating the severity by measuring total echogenicity.
Case presentation: A 62-year-old Caucasian woman was referred to the Dermatology Department for a well-circumscribed indurate plaque localized on the right side of the abdominal wall and thigh. On clinical examination, a large well-delimited, indurate plaque, silvery in the center and surrounded by a purplish-red halo (lilac ring) was noticed on the right side of the abdomen and thigh. An ultrasound-guided punch biopsy was carried out and the microscopic examination of the biopsy revealed moderate interstitial inflammatory infiltrate together with abundant collagen bundles in the dermis and subcutis and a diagnosis of localized morphea (scleroderma) was established. Ultrasonography was performed and skin thickness was measured using high-frequency US (18 MHz) and was found to be 3.1 mm to 3.9 mm.
Conclusion: high frequency ultrasound is an inexpensive, easy to perform, noninvasive method, replacing surgical biopsy and offering a valuable quantification of skin fibrosis.
Superficial venous malformations can be clinically diagnosed since birth as localized, bluish or purple lesions, especially on the lower extremity, but deep venous malformations are difficult to diagnose only by clinical appearance. The diagnostic algorithm for superficial venous malformations in newborns includes clinical examination and Duplex ultrasonography. The latter allows differentiating tumors (hemangiomas) from vascular malformations and evaluating flow characteristics as well as localizing the site of the malformation.
The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of self-reported work-related and occupational hand eczema, as well as associated risk factors in hospitals and out-patient clinics in Romania. A standardized questionnaire was addressed to health professionals from different medical fields. Out of 245 healthcare providers who completed the survey, 235 were women (95.9%), and 243 were working more than 8 hours/day in hospitals (99.18%). Hand eczema was self-reported and documented in almost one third of the nurses (33.49%), the most frequently involved trigger factor being powdered latex gloves. A total of 207 (84.48%) individuals denied any present or past allergic diseases. Only one nurse declared that severe hand eczema was the cause of losing her job at the hospital. Exposure assessment is essential for the diagnosis of work-related or occupational skin diseases.
Occupational skin diseases have an unknown prevalence in Romania, although they are considered the most frequent occupational diseases reported in Western European countries. Self-reported hand eczema among healthcare providers by questionnaire aims to estimate the prevalence of work-related hand eczema and associated risk factors in hospitals and outpatient units in Romania. The aim of this study is to discuss and to validate a questionnaire for surveying work-related skin diseases and exposure among healthcare providers.