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  • Author: Anca Dinu x
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Land taxation

Abstract

The process of producing agricultural goods involves natural resources, cataloged as inputs. Neutral, the most important is the land, as the primary resource among seeds, land, agricultural machinery, fuel. The present paper will analyze how the land resource is taxed, the needs and opportunities of taxation, and what are the shortcomings of this niche. The study does not aim to deal exhaustively with the legislation related issues in this sector, but has in particular sought to identify future directions of development in terms of the ability of agricultural actors to cope with the commitments they have since they are owner of agricultural land. At the same time, the information resources landowners would need to help understand and overcome the tax obstacles that they live when they want to grow through acquisitions or expansions, will be considered. Taxes, as part of fiscal policy, part of the economic policy, are established instruments, considering the level of development and the state national economy. That’s why they differ from one country to another, relative to their level of development. In low-developed countries, a smaller redistribution of the Gross Domestic Product of Taxes is observed, through the state budget, to the situation of the developed countries.

Open access
New Drug Delivery Systems Concept in Anaesthesia and Intensive Care—Controlled Release of Active Compounds

Abstract

With time, medical and pharmaceutical research has advanced significantly. However, one of the major issues is how to administer the active substance. Among these, it counts over- or under-dosage of the active substance, low re­sponse to treatment, or increased clinical risk of the patient. An innovative method able to avoid these obstacles is represented by controlled release systems for active substances. The interest for these systems came with allowing encapsulation in the antibiotic release matrices, local anesthetics, protein or other substances. Moreover, a number of such vehicles are now available to release controlled substances used predominantly in the anesthesia and intensive care unit.

Open access
New Drug Delivery Systems Concept in Anaesthesia and Intensive Care—Controlled Release of Active Compounds

Abstract

With time, medical and pharmaceutical research has advanced significantly. However, one of the major issues is how to administer the active substance. Among these, it counts over-or under-dosage of the active substance, low response to treatment, or increased clinical risk of the patient. An innovative method able to avoid these obstacles is represented by controlled release systems for active substances. The interest for these systems came with allowing encapsulation in the antibiotic release matrices, local anesthetics, protein or other substances. Moreover, a number of such vehicles are now available to release controlled substances used predominantly in the anesthesia and intensive care unit.

Open access
Use of Circulating and Cellular miRNAs Expression in Forensic Sciences

Abstract

The current practice in the field of forensic medicine imposes the use of modern investigation techniques. The complexity of laboratory investigation methods needed for a final result of the investigation in forensic medicine needed new biomarkers of higher specificity and selectivity. Such biomarkers are the microRNAs (miRNAs), short, non-coding RNAs composed of 19–24 nucleotides. Their characteristics, such as high stability, selectivity, and specificity for biological fluids, differ from tissue to tissue and for certain pathologies, turning them into the ideal candidate for laboratory techniques used in forensic medicine. In this paper, we wish to highlight the biochemical properties and the usefulness of miRNAs in forensic medicine.

Open access