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  • Author: Anatoliy Rokochinskiy x
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Anatoliy Rokochinskiy, Pavlo Volk, Oleg Pinchuk, Serhiy Mendus and Roman Koptyuk

Abstract

The traditional and optimization approaches to substantiation of the parameters of agricultural drainage and the results of their comparative effectiveness are considered. The results of calculation of the defined yields of crops grown at appropriate levels of drainage efficiency show that in given conditions the optimal distance between the drains at the lowest level of the hierarchy of crop performance varied from 20 m for potatoes in peat up to 38 m for cereals on sand at the appropriate change of calculation of the drainage runoff module across the entire spectrum of efficiency from ecological drainage of 0.4 m2·day-1 to the economic one of 0.85 m2·day-1.

Open access

Anatoliy Rokochinskiy, Pavlo Volk, Oleg Pinchuk, Vasyl Turcheniuk, Nadiia Frolenkova and Ievgenii Gerasimov

Abstract

In the article we developed the design principles and implementation of a complex model and optimized the design parameters of drainage. The study was based on the implementation of interconnected structural and technological forecasting simulation and optimization model blocks, which in turn allowed to justify the optimal design parameters and drainage considering multiple natural and agronomic conditions and reclamation facilities. Example of evaluating the performance of drainage on drained lands was made for the conditions of a real project, implemented on lands of agricultural holding “May Day” located within of drainage system “Ikva” in the Rivne region. For the object conditions (average decade formation conditions of the drainage flow module for growing perennial grasses, winter cereals and potatoes) the estimated duration of the growing season was 214 days (100%), of which the total duration of drainage was 60% and included different levels of efficiency: 39% – ecological, 15.5% – technological and 5.5% – economic. The duration of its critical operations (forming module drainage flow exceeds the design of its value) does not exceed 5%. Thus, this approach enables the assessment of drainage with predetermined or specified parameters in the construction or renovation of drainage systems on different levels of effectiveness. It can be effectively used in the overall complex predictive and optimization calculations to substantiate the design and parameters of agricultural drainage, taking into account the variability of natural agrotechnical and reclamation conditions of a real object.

Open access

Pyotr Kovalenko, Anatoliy Rokochinskiy, Jerzy Jeznach, Roman Koptyuk, Pavlo Volk, Nataliіa Prykhodko and Ruslan Tykhenko

Abstract

The analysis of the current state of weather and climatic conditions and evaluation of their predicted changes for immediate and distant prospect in the drained areas of Ukrainian Polissia region was carried out in the article. The main trends in changes of meteorological characteristics and their possible effect on the conditions of functioning water management and ameliorative objects and complexes as well as on the natural and ameliorative state of drained areas were identified. The research uses a method of predictive-simulation modelling with used predictive assessment models of normalized distribution of the basic meteorological characteristics in the long-term and one-year vegetation context. According to the results of the research it was established that, for today a high variability in meteorological characteristics can lead to the significant deterioration of operation conditions of water management and ameliorative objects and units, as well as natural and ameliorative conditions of drained lands in Polissia region as a whole. Core measures regarding the adaptive potential enhancement and development in the region under the conditions of climate change were examined.