Introduction: The aim of this study was to study the anatomical types of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC), the associated cardiac and extracardiac congenital malformations, clinical manifestations, and postoperative evolution.
Materials and methods: Twenty-four patients with a mean age of 125 days, admitted to the Clinic of Pediatric Cardiology III between January 1, 2009 and December 31, 2015 and diagnosed with TAPVC were included in the study. The patients were evaluated clinically, electrocardiographically and echocardiographically, both pre- and postoperatively. Postoperative evolution was monitored at 1, 3, 6, 12 and 24 months.
Results: The anatomical types of TAPVC were: supracardiac in 50% of cases (12 patients), cardiac in 37.5% (9 patients) and mixed type in 12.5% of cases (3 patients). The first clinical manifestation was cyanosis in 72.2% of cases. Surgical correction was performed at a mean age of 37 days in obstructive forms, and 254 days in non-obstructive forms. From the study lot, 8.4% of patients had associated extracardiac malformations (anorectal agenesis and Ivemark syndrome). Early postoperative complications included pulmonary hypertension crisis (60% of cases), supraventricular arrhythmias (35% of cases) and chylothorax (8.4% of cases). Late postoperative complications included: reintervention in 8% of patients with mixed type TAPVC.
Conclusions: The most frequently encountered type was supracardiac TAPVC, which had a favorable postoperative evolution. Mixed type TAPVC had the highest rate of reintervention.