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Open access

Mihai Savescu, Alexandru Gabriel Neagu, Constantin Vlagioiu, Niculae Tudor, Teodoru Soare, Iulian Raus and Gabriel Predoi


Due to technological advances in bio-imaging in the last years, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is widely used as a noninvasive and non-irradiant tool for assessment and imaging diagnosis. In this study are presented two dogs with progressive clinical and neurological manifestations, following the discovered signs (head tilt and circling in the first case, respective epileptic seizures and ataxia in the second case), MRI evaluation was recommended. The imaging exams showed the presence of a mass, located in the third ventricle, with heterogeneous signal changes in conventional sequences T1, T2 and FLAIR. Unifying the imaging data with those of the histopathological examination it was possible to establish the diagnosis of choroid plexus carcinoma in both cases.

Open access

Raluca Sandor, Daniel Leucuta, Eleonora Dronca, Alexandru Niculae, Victoria Cret, Ciprian Silaghi and Soimita Suciu


Serum paraoxonase-1 (PON1) binds mainly to high density lipoproteins (HDLs) and protects low density lipoproteins (LDLs) against oxidation. While paraoxonase and arylesterase activities are traditionally assayed, lactonase activity, accounting for protection against LDL oxidation, was less investigated in obese children and adolescents. Therefore, we aimed to measure lactonase, paraoxonase and arylesterase activities, oxidized LDL (ox-LDL) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels in obese children and adolescents.

Study population included 68 children (35 obese and 33 normal-weight). Arylesterase and paraoxonase activities were assayed spectrophotometrically. Lactonase activity, ox-LDL and MDA levels were measured using a pH-sensitive colorimetric assay, an ELISA technique and a fluorimetric method, respectively. The lipid profile was assessed by common methods.

Lactonase and arylesterase activities were decreased in the presence of obesity. MDA, but not ox-LDL levels, showed significant differences between groups. Multiple regression analysis identified a reciprocal relationship and a possible association between lactonase and arylesterase activities and obesity.