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Mirosław Wierzbicki, Pavel Konečný and Alena Kožušníková

Abstract

The paper is dealing with the permeability of coal in triaxial state of stress. The permeability of coal, besides coal’s methane capacity, is the main parameter determining the quantity of methane inflow into underground excavations. The stress in a coal seam is one of the most important factors influencing coal permeability therefore the permeability measurements were performed in tri-axial state of stress. The hydrostatic three-axial state of stress was gradually increased from 5 MPa with steps of 5 MPa up to a maximum of 30 MPa. Nitrogen was applied as a gas medium in all experiments.

The results of the permeability measurements of coal cores from the “Zofiówka” mine, Poland, and three mines from the Czech Republic are presented in this paper. As a “reference”, permeability measurements were also taken for coal briquettes prepared from coal dust with defined porosity.

It was confirmed that the decreasing porosity of coal briquettes affects the decreasing permeability. The advantage of experimentation on coal briquettes is its good repeatability.

From the experimental results, an empirical relation between gas permeability and confining pressure has also been identified. The empirical relation for coal briquettes is in good correspondence with published results. However, for coal cores, the character of change differs. The influence of confining pressure has a different character and the decrease in permeability is stronger due to the increasing confining pressure

Open access

Mariusz Młynarczuk, Marta Skiba, Libor Sitek, Petr Hlaváček and Alena Kožušníková

Abstract

In recent years, water jet cutting technology has been being used more and more often, in various domains of human activity. Its numerous applications include cutting different materials - among them, rock materials. The present paper discusses the results of the research that aimed at determining - in a quantitative manner - the way in which the water jet cutting parameters (such as the traverse speed of the head, and the distance between the high-pressure inlet of the water jet and the cut material) influence the quality of the processed surface. Additionally, the impact of these parameters on the surface of various materials was investigated. The materials used were three granites differing with respect to the size of grains. In the course of the research, the standard parameters defined by the ISO norms were analyzed. It was also proposed that variograms be used to analyze the quality of the cut surface.

Open access

Josef Poláček and Alena Kožušníková

Abstract

The paper describes the methodology of measurements in the GTA 20-32 triaxial press. The deformation behaviour of two different types of rocks was compared:

- gypsum with plastic deformation even at lower confining pressure,

- Carboniferous sandstone with brittle failure even at the highest confining pressure.

The influence of gypsum layering was studied as well. The experimental results show that the deformation and strength properties of the gypsum in the triaxial state of stress do not significantly depend on the orientation of axial stress to the observed layering.