Mustafa Burak Acar, Ebru Karadaş İbiş, Ahmet Şimşek, Cem Vural, Coşkun Tez and Servet Özcan
Yarrow essential oil is used in complementary and alternative therapy for several diseases. Biological effects of essential oils span various cells and microorganisms. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of different concentrations of the essential oil obtained from the yarrow plant (Achillea millefolium) on HeLa (CCL-2) cells. The components of the essential oil were studied by means of GC-MS analysis. Out of 10 determined compounds in the essential oil; 1,8-Cineole, Camphor, Beta-eudesmol and Camphene were found to be higher than others; and their biological effects were depicted with Ingeniuty Pathway Analysis (IPA) analysis. Moreover, cell cycle and proliferation tests were conducted on HeLa cells where yarrow plant’s essential oil was used. When extracted yarrow oil applied on HeLA Cells, apoptotic effects had been determined, furthermore proliferation of these cells decreased. In addition, activation of cell cycle control points was observed . Essential oil components could arrest the development of HeLa cells due to induction of cellular damage control mechanisms. In conclusion, we propose that the essential oil had a more repressive effect on HeLa cells, decreases their proliferation and prevented the increase in the number of cells.
Kemal Simsek, Ali Osman Yildirim, Seref Demirbas, Muzaffer Oztosun, Mehmet Ozler, Esin Ozkan, Sukru Oter, Ahmet Korkmaz, Hakan Ay and Senol Yildiz
Background: Studies with single-session hyperbaric oxygen exposures have shown that HBO-induced oxidative stress is proportional to exposure pressure and duration. Since the efficacy of hyperbaric oxygen mainly depends on repetitive exposures, this study aimed to investigate the oxidative effect of hyperbaric oxygen administered for 5 to 40 sessions.
Methods: Sixty rats were divided into one control and 6 study groups. Study groups were exposed to 5, 10, 15, 20, 30, and 40 daily consecutive 2.8 atm/90 min hyperbaric oxygen sessions. Animals were sacrificed 24 h after the last hyperbaric oxygen administration. Malondialdehyde and carbonylated protein levels as well as superoxide dismutase activities were determined in isolated rat erythrocytes.
Results: Carbonylated protein levels increased significantly after just 5 hyperbaric oxygen exposures; reached a peak level with 10 exposures; were still significantly higher than controls after 15 sessions; and decreased to normal limits after 20 exposures. Malondialdehyde levels were found to be significantly increased in the 10 to 30, but not in the 5 and 40-session groups. Superoxide dismutase activity showed elevated levels only in the 5 and 10 times hyperbarical oxygen-exposed groups.
Conclusions: The suppressed oxidative stress level after 40 exposures suggests an effective endogenous antioxidant defense in repetitive HBO administrations.