This study focused on the sediment contamination with some organic micropollutants based on the monitoring data together with available literature in Poland. The following persistent organic pollutants (POPs): polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and chlorinated pesticides (CP) were characterized in sediments with respect to current legislations in force. Based on accessible data, higher PAHs, PCBs and CP concentrations were found in river sediments than in lake sediments. Especially, sediments of the Oder River and its tributary in the southern part of Poland, were highly polluted. In order to minimize the risk of the secondary pollution of surface waters, it is necessary to introduce consolidated management system with sediments proceeding. Furthermore, it is also of great importance to elaborate specific regulations concerning conditions of sediments management.
Maria Włodarczyk-Makuła, Ewa Wiśniowska and Agnieszka Popenda
The aim of the studies was to determine the changes in the concentration of PAHs in sewage sludge stored under various light conditions. The sewage sludge samples were stored under aerobic conditions. Sewage sludge samples were deposed in darkness, in laboratory conditions and exposed to UV rays. The changes in the concentration of PAHs were analyzed in fourth series: in sludge samples taken from treatment plant (biotic samples), in sludge with the addition of a standard PAH mixture (biotic samples+PAHs), in sewage sludge with addition sodium azide (abiotic samples) and both a standard mixture and with added sodium azide (abiotic samples+PAHs). Changes in 6-ring of PAHs concentration in sewage sludge samples were studied at seven day intervals for 4 weeks. The concentration of PAHs was determination using gas chromatograph-mass spectrometry GC-MS. The losses of hydrocarbons after 4 weeks of research were in the range of 60 to 97%. It depends of kind of samples. In sewage sludge with standard mixture the effectiveness of PAHs decomposition were in the range of 60 to75%. In sewage sludge with standard mixture of PAHs the losses of hydrocarbons were the highest and reached 97%. The final concentration of PAHs in biotic samples was lower (2-13%) than the concentration of analysed compounds in abiotic samples.