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Agnieszka Nawara-Baran

Abstract

Vein of Galen Malformation (VGM) it is the most common cerebral arteriovenus malformation in fetuses and children. Usually VGM causes volume overload of the heart and can induce mass effect in the brain, causing progressive neurological impairment. Modern treatment allow on earlier therapy (before the 5th monthof life). This gives the newborn with isolated VGM and heart failure a chance of survival. This work presents case of isolated vein of Galen malformation with diagnosed cardiomegaly, monophasic flow through the tricuspid valve, large right heart, pericardiac effusion, dilatation of SVC and abnormal doppler exam. Postnatal management included aggressive medical treatment of cardiac failure and early transarterial embolization of the selected vessels feeding the aneurysm at 6 days of age. The newborn is 6 month old, growing normally without neurological deficits or developmental retardation and waiting of next stage therapy. New techniques of treatment give fetuses with VGM and prenatal signs of cardiac insufficiency a chance of survival and healthy life, in a group of selected cases. The analysis of the cardiovascular system in fetuses with VGM according to uniform criteria is essential in order to assess the influence of these malformations on the survivability of newborns.

Open access

Agnieszka Nawara-Baran and Beata Radzymińska-Chruściel

Abstract

The aim of this study was an analysis of cardiac assessment in the first trimester, their outcomes, and comparison with literature data. Five cases were analysed from the year 2014. The exams were performed between 11-13 + 6 weeks. The analysis confirmed that the detection of CHD in 1 st trimester was possible and was verified by an early fetal echocardiogram. The most common symptoms of abnormal heart images in the early screening assessment were: axis, heart size and color Doppler assessment of the chambers and V sign. The outcome of pregnancies with early detection of fetal heart defects was poor. There was only one surviver

Open access

Agnieszka Nawara-Baran, Karl Frontzek, Herbert Budka and Paweł P. Liberski

Abstract

A case of the rare fetal brain tumor is presented. This initally was observed as bleeding and ventriculomegaly and it was diagnosed at 28th week gestation by 2D, 3D and TUI ultrasound. The patient remained under the perinatal care until the end of pregnancy: cesarean section was performed at 37th week of gestation. Despite neurosurgery, the baby died on the 3rd day of postnatal life. On the basis of histopathological examination the diagnosis was established such as highly malignant tumor with focal ependymal and neuronal differentation that expands the current histopathology tumors classification.