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Open access

Agnieszka Sobierajska-Rek and Marek Dobosz

Early and Long-Term Results Following Surgery for Dupuytren's Disease

The aim of the study was assessment of the early and long-term results following surgery for Dupuytren's disease.

Material and methods. In this study the treatment results of 74 patients with Dupuytren's disease were revealed. Patients were treated using fasciotomy, selective fasciectomy, subtotal fasciecotmy and dermofasciectomy. Patients were divided into two groups. Group I (n=35) was examined prospectively 3 times: prior to the surgery, 1 and 3 months after it. Group II (n=39) was examined retrospectively once between 3 to 7 years after the surgery. The examination took into account: occurrence of factors predisposing the disease to reappear (Dupuytren's diathesis), hand's function in patient's subjective opinion evaluated with DASH questionnaire and goniometrical measurement of the contracture.

Results. Contracture reduction was observed in group I in 94% of patients. The average Total Loss of Extension before surgery was 123.85°, 3 months after operation - 54.51°. In group II the average Total Loss of Extension was 42.63°. Average DASH score in group 1 before surgery was 17.5. One month after the surgery a significant aggravation was observed (average score - 29.95). Three months after the surgery, there was an improvement and DASH score reduced to 15.02. The average DASH score in group II was 4.34. In both groups there was a correlation between patients' age and hand's function. Elder patients evaluated hand's function as better after the surgery. Recurrence of the disease was observed in 17% of patients in group 1 and 33% of patients in group II. Occurrence of predisposing factors (diathesis) increased probability of recurrence in group II. Significant differences in treatment results were not notified because of the surgery technique.

Conclusions. This study reveals numerous problems with operative treatment of Dupuytren's disease: faint improvement of hand's function in primary months after surgery, large percentage of recurrences of the disease, a small number of patients with extension of fingers obtained as an outcome of the surgery.

Open access

Agnieszka Ludwiczak and Marek Stanisz

Abstract

The aim of this review was to define the most important factors that affect the reproductive success of farmed mink. The biology of mink reproduction is unique when comparing it with other farmed fur animals. The article emphasizes the importance of optimal environmental conditions in prevention of reproductive disorders. The novel attempts to the mating schedule, optimal diet and body condition of dams, kits transfer between dams, these are only examples of advantageous procedures used in mink farming to increase the effectiveness of reproduction.

Open access

Marek Cała, Michał Kowalski and Agnieszka Stopkowicz

Abstract

The purpose of this paper was to perform the 3D numerical calculations allowing slope stability analysis of Hyttemalmen open pit (location Kirkenes, Finnmark Province, Norway). After a ramp rock slide, which took place in December 2010, as well as some other small-scale rock slope stability problems, it proved necessary to perform a serious stability analyses. The Hyttemalmen open pit was designed with a depth up to 100 m, a bench height of 24 m and a ramp width of 10 m. The rock formation in the iron mining district of Kirkenes is called the Bjornevaten Group. This is the most structurally complicated area connected with tectonic process such as folding, faults and metamorphosis. The Bjornevaten Group is a volcano-sedimentary sequence. Rock slope stability depends on the mechanical properties of the rock, hydro-geological conditions, slope topography, joint set systems and seismic activity. However, rock slope stability is mainly connected with joint sets. Joints, or general discontinuities, are regarded as weak planes within rock which have strength reducing consequences with regard to rock strength. Discontinuities within the rock mass lead to very low tensile strength. Several simulations were performed utilising the RocLab (2007) software to estimate the gneiss cohesion for slopes of different height. The RocLab code is dedicated to estimate rock mass strength using the Hoek-Brown failure criterion. Utilising both the GSI index and the Hoek-Brown strength criterion the equivalent Mohr-Coulomb parameters (cohesion and angle of internal friction) can be calculated. The results of 3D numerical calculations (with FLA3D code) show that it is necessary to redesign the slope-bench system in the Hyttemalmen open pit. Changing slope inclination for lower stages is recommended. The minimum factor of safety should be equal 1.3. At the final planned stage of excavation, the factor of safety drops to 1.06 with failure surface ranging through all of the slopes. In the case of a slope angle 70° for lower stages, FS = 1.26, which is not enough to provide slope stability. Another series of calculations were therefore performed taking water table lowering into consideration, which increases the global safety factor. It was finally evaluated, that for a water table level of 72 m the factor of safety equals 1.3, which is enough to assure global open-pit stability.

Open access

Agnieszka Kalbarczyk-Jedynak, Dorota Stochła and Marek Patsch

Abstract

The analysis of danger zone ranges for LNG in the coastal area is an important task on account of, inter alia, the safety of human life. It is not an easy process, which is why we consider an danger situation for various weather conditions in the function of constant wind speeds and for various wind speeds in constant weather stability. Pasquill weather stability scale and Beaufort scale with regard to terrain roughness were adopted for the analysis. Both scenarios were considered in the example of Q-flex type vessels in the Świnoujście terminal for two methods of LNG release, i.e. related to a sudden explosion and slow release caused by a leak. The analysis was conducted and considered for the values in the top and bottom flammability limit. Modelling of the danger zone range was analysed with DNV PHAST software, version 7.11. In the process of comparison of the situation related to the risk of explosion in the function of various weather stabilities according to Pasquill scale and constant wind speeds, the values of 1.5 m/s and 5 m/s were adopted, corresponding to 1 and 3 wind force on the Beaufort scale. Those speeds correspond to the water conditions featuring tiny ripples and small waves, the crests of which start to break. The adopted weather stabilities analysed for wind speed equal to 1.5 m/s are A, B, D. A-type stability signifies the least stable atmospheric conditions, and D-type means neutral conditions. In turn, for the wind speed of 5 m/s B, D and F parameters in Pasquill scale were selected. Furthermore, ranges for variable wind speed values were analysed for the selected Pasquill stability.

Open access

Paweł Cięszczyk, Marek Sawczuk, Agnieszka Maciejewska, Nijole Jascaniene and Jerzy Eider

Do G894T Polymorphisms of Endothelial Nitric Oxide Synthase 3 (NOS3) Influence Endurance Phenotypes?

Endothelial nitric oxide (NO) synthase gene (NOS3) is taken into account as one of the main regulators of blood pressure and basal vascular dilation - two main factors found to be limiting for endurance performance.

We compared genotypic and allelic frequencies of the NOS3 G894T polymorphism in two groups of men of the same Caucasian descent: elite endurance athletes (rowers; n=63) and sedentary controls (n=160).

We have not found any statistical difference in G894T genotype and allele frequencies in endurance orientated athletes compared to sedentary controls. The difference in G allele frequency between the rowers and controls did not reach statistical significance (73.5% vs. 67.2%, P = 0.307), similar to genotype distribution amongst the rowers (58.7% GG; 39.4% GT; 6.4% TT) compared to controls (43.7% GG; 46.9% GT; 9.4% TT) (P=0.129).

In summary, our results are in contradiction to the hypothesis that NOS3 G894T polymorphism is associated with the physical performance status in rowing. Of course, our findings do not mean that other polymorphisms in NOS3 gene do not have any beneficial effect on performance parameters, but to confirm that hypothesis, we need further studies.

Open access

Krzysztof Sobieralski, Marek Siwulski, Jolanta Lisiecka, Jan Szymański and Agnieszka Jasińska

Carpophore Dry Matter Content of Several Agaricus Bisporus (Lange) Imbach and Agaricus Bitorquis (Quel) Sacc. Strains Found in Natural Habitats

Carpophore dry matter content of several strains of A. bisporus and A. bitorquis obtained from natural habitats was investigated. Two cultivated mushroom strains were used as the control. It was found that the dry matter content of the fruiting bodies differed depending on the strain as well as the species of the analyzed mushrooms. The highest carpophore dry matter content was determined in the strains obtained from the natural environment. The highest dry matter content in the fruiting bodies was determined in A. bisporus Ab/ZW/4 - 11.2% and A. bitorquis Ab/L/11 - 9.6%, as well as in the cultivated strain K26 - 9.3%.

Open access

Antoni Kuźniar, Stanisław Twardy, Agnieszka Kowalczyk and Marek Kostuch

An assessment of the water requirements of a mountain pasture sward in the Polish Western Carpathians

The water requirements of the pasture sward using the Penman-Monteith method (FAO-56), which is seldom applied in Poland, was assessed. The reference crop evapotranspiration ETo from a hypothetical grass crop with an assumed crop height of 0.12 m, a fixed surface resistance of 70 s·m-1 and an albedo of 0.23, was used. These assumptions are similar under conditions of ruminant grazing. ETo was computed by using meteorological data from 43 weather stations. The crop evapotranspiration ETc is the product of ETo, and single crop coefficient Kc. The differences between precipitation and ETo and ETc (climatic water balances) were determined for mountain pastures. The results were summarised form of a table and maps of isohyets and isolines elaborated by applying the Geographic Information System techniques (Arc View 9) with the data interpolated by the geostatic method (Kriging).

Open access

Marek Zatoń, Ryszard Błacha, Agnieszka Jastrzębska and Krzysztof Słonina

Repeatability of Pressure Force During Elbow Flexion and Extension Before and After Exercise

Purpose. In most circumstances it is possible to provide the precise estimation of force and weight by means of kinesthetic differentiation. In some conditions, like physical effort or fatigue, kinesthetic differentiation can become reduced. The kinesthetic differentiation capacity can be expressed as repeatability of muscular contraction force or movement. The present study investigates the direction of changes in kinesthetic differentiation of force applied by both arms during elbow flexion and extension before and after exercise. Basic procedures. The study sample consisted of 23 cyclists (mean ± SD) aged 18.1 ± 1.8 years, 17 rowers aged 18.1 ± 1.8 years, and a control group consisting of 32 subjects aged 21.3 ± 1.3 years. All subjects performed a progressive exercise test. Kinesthetic differentiation was measured as the repeatability of force applied during elbow flexion and extension. Main findings. The results obtained confirm that kinesthetic differentiation in both arms after exercise improved by means of elbow extension. Further research can contribute to the development of ways of control of adaptation changes in the central nervous system and the locomotor system on a general level, since the studies so far have described either local changes, e.g. EMG, or provided specific data related to typical patterns of activity in a given sport. Conclusions. The proposed method allows identification of effects of intense exercise on the kinesthetic differentiation capacity on a more general level.

Open access

Agnieszka Marek, Ewelina Pyzik, Dagmara Stępień-Pyśniak, Tomasz Hauschild and Tomasz Banach

Abstract

The aim of the study was to identify the affinity of 10 Staphylococcus strains isolated from table chicken eggs to specific species. Preliminary analysis performed by API ID32 Staph test identified these strains as S. aureus, but they exhibited a negative reaction in the tube coagulase test. Thus, the analysed strains were initially characterised as Staphylococcus aureus-like (SAL). Further characterisation was performed by genotypic methods, using restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) of the coagulase gene (coa) and sequencing of the gene rpoB. An attempt was also made to identify the isolated Staphylococcus strains by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. The results indicated that none of the strains tested belonged to the species S. aureus. The rpoB sequences of five isolates showed the highest sequence similarity to S. haemolyticus, three isolates to S. chromogenes, and one isolate to S. epidermidis. One strain (SAL4) remained unidentified in this analysis. The results obtained using mass spectrometry were comparable to those based on gene sequence analysis. Strain SAL4, which could not be identified by sequencing, was identified by MALDI-TOF as Staphylococcus chromogenes.

Open access

Agnieszka Baszczuk, Marek Jasiorski, Beata Borak and Jerzy Wódka

Abstract

Different types of titanate one-dimensional nanostructured materials were synthesized and characterized using scanning and transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy. The results presented in this work unquestionably showed dependence of morphology and structure of the titanate nanopowders on parameters of hydrothermal synthesis. It was found that nanotubes, nanowires and nanoribbons are three unavoidable kinetic products of hydrothermal reaction. Moreover, increasing temperature of reaction or hydrothermal treatment duration results in acceleration of nanotube-nanowire-nanoribbon transformation. However, the sequence of titanate morphology transformation is invariable. The detailed studies further revealed that the crystal structure of hydrothermally prepared nanotubes and nanowires are indistinguishable but the determination of the exact structure is practically impossible. Because of higher crystallinity, the structure of nanoribbons can be established. It was shown that it corresponds to the monoclinic layered trititanic acid H2Ti3O7 and is isostructural with sodium derivatives Na2_xHxTi3O7.nH20 (with x near 2).