Methods used for evaluating damage risk of buildings threatened with continuous strains generated by underground exploitation have been addressed in this paper. The main emphasis was put on methods thanks to which the degree of damage of a large group of structural objects could be approximated. The investigations were focused on the origin of those methods, especially the assumed criteria. The final stage of theoretical study was a comparative analysis of presented methods, thanks to which the basic differences between assumptions to those methods as well as the main advantages and disadvantages could be enumerated. Then the damage risk of buildings was evaluated with selected methods. The obtained results were compared with actual data registered in those objects. This enabled the authors to practically evaluate the adaptability of those methods to the underground exploitation conditions in Poland. The first part of the paper is devoted to the presentation of methods and theoretical anaysis of their shortcomings and advantages, followed by the results of analyses performed on actual data.