Contemporarily, the safety of employees in the work environment is affected by many different factors. Among them, attention should be paid particularly to those that shape the psychosocial safety of employees. The aim of the article is to analyze organizational activities related to diversity management in terms of their impact on psychosocial safety of employees in the work environment. Organizational activities related to diversity management more often appear in enterprises, providing benefits from taking advantage of the various human resources. The effective diversity management is connected with building organizational culture and shaping employee relations in the area of psychosocial safety of employees in the work environment. In the first part of the article, the authors presented the issue of diversity management in relation to the psychosocial safety of employees. The second part shows the results of selected reports and studies related to diversity management in enterprises operating in Poland. Furthermore, the influence of diversity management on the psychosocial safety of employees in the work environment was demonstrated.
Nowadays the issue of the quality of life tends to be more and more important for the attractiveness of spaces in the context of increasing commuting and social demand for a good living environment. Small towns are often seen as places where “the living is easy” and social ties are dense. They are therefore a good basis for analysing the quality of life. This is a transversal and complex notion which is not always easy to define. This paper is based on surveys conducted in small Polish and French towns in order to analyse perceptions of the quality of life by both their inhabitants and local leaders, and their potential place in the attractiveness of small towns.
Agnieszka Kwiatek-Sołtys and Małgorzata Bajgier-Kowalska
Historical sites may be found in nearly all small towns in Poland. Some are listed by UNESCO as World Heritage Sites. The purpose of the paper is to discuss the role of these resources in the broader set of elements shaping the tourism potential of towns, and also to illustrate the regional differences among small towns in Poland in terms of their potential to develop a local or regional tourism sector. The study provides a typology of towns based on local natural and landscape elements, cultural heritage resources as well as hotels and other tourist accommodations. The statistical data discussed in this paper was obtained from the Local Data Bank of Statistics Poland for the period 2012–2014, while historical sites were chosen from the National Heritage Board of Poland. The study covers all small towns in Poland and has shown unequivocally that the presence of a historical site is not necessarily a factor in the overall development of a local tourism sector. The cultural resources appear to be an undervalued asset, which can be used to develop a local tourism sector, especially in towns which are searching for new development paths.
Bartosz Bartosiewicz, Agnieszka Kwiatek-Sołtys and Sławomir Kurek
The approach to the issue of shrinking cities is undergoing constant changes. Originally, this process was referred primarily to the progressing depopulation connected with a deteriorating economic situation. Presently, works on shrinking cities mainly focus on the challenges posed by the problem rather than the delimitation questions. Do the shrinking also apply to the situation of small towns, and if so, to what extent may small towns shrink? Being conscious of the multidimensional nature of the topic discussed, the authors took measures aimed at singling out a group of shrinking towns from the whole set of small towns in Poland. The identification of depopulating centres consisted in pointing to those shrinking both in terms of their demography and economy. This type of research gives rise to all types of methodological problems such as which tools should be used to measure town shrinking or which data should be selected for the research, an issue particularly important for small towns where the range of indicators available is rather limited. What conclusions may be drawn from the conducted analysis? Do small towns in Poland shrink? On the basis of the conducted research the answer is no. With regard to demography, the process of shrinking concerns only 30 towns (4.5%). And this group includes only four which additionally shrink in economic terms.
Michał Reichert, Wojciech Kozaczyński, Teresa Agnieszka Karpińska, Łukasz Bocian, Agnieszka Jasik, Anna Kycko, Małgorzata Świątkiewicz, Sylwester Świątkiewicz, Iwona Furgał-Dierżuk, Anna Arczewska-Włosek, Juliusz Strzetelski and Krzysztof Kwiatek
Histopathological examination of liver, kidney, spleen, pancreas, duodenum, jejunum, skeletal muscle, and bursa of Fabricius samples, collected from broiler chickens, laying hens, fattening pigs, and calves fed genetically modified corn MON 810 and soybean meal MON-40-3-2 (Roundup Ready, RR), was performed The examination showed no significant differences between the control animals fed diets containing no genetically modified feeds and animals fed genetically modified feeds. In some cases, congestion of parenchyma and focal lymphoid cell infiltrations were observed in all dietary groups, including controls, and therefore, it was assumed that the lesions were not associated with the feeding transgenic feeds.