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  • Author: Agnieszka Kuś x
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Phases in the Lifecycle of a Company and the Profitability of Industrial Companies


Subject and purpose of work: The aim of this study is to analyse the profitability level of industrial companies in various phases of their lifecycle. Materials and methods: The article uses data from individual annual financial statements of industrial companies in accordance with the classification of the Warsaw Stock Exchange. In order to investigate whether there are essential differences in the level of profitability of companies in various phases of their lifecycle, due to significant deviations from normality, the nonparametric Kruskal-Wallis H test was used. To find out which lifecycle phases differ significantly in terms of the level of analysed profitability ratios, a test of multiple comparisons of medium ranks was used (Post-hoc Dunn’s test). Results: The obtained research results show that a given lifecycle phase significantly differentiates the level of the analysed profitability indices. Conclusions: Based on the conducted research, it was found that the company’s lifecycle phase statistically significantly differentiates the level of the analysed profitability indices. In the early phases of the lifecycle, the level of profitability in the surveyed companies increased gradually reaching maximum and stable values in the phase of maturity or shake-out, after which it decreased in the decline phase. This points to an evolutionary transition of individual companies to the next phase of the lifecycle.

Open access
Ecological Awareness in the Behaviour of Young Consumers - Students of the Faculty of Economic and Technical Sciences of Pope John Paul II State School of Higher Education in Biała Podlaska


Subject and purpose of work: The reason for choosing the subject and undertaking the studies were information gaps regarding the behaviour of young consumers in the area of activities related to enviroment.

Materials and methods: The study employed purposeful sampling with regards to the participants’ field of study (programmes with environmental education content) and the year of education, as well as stratified sampling according to the structure of the population and its division into groups based on specified features. The technique of auditorium questionnaire was used.

Results: The analysis showed that the students are characterised by a high level of ecological awareness and a sense of responsibility for it, and that is they are informed and pragmatic consumers. As involved and ecological consumers, they behave in a pro-ecological way and create desirable patterns of consumer behaviour.

Conclusions: It was found that the students have a sense of responsibility for the surrounding environment. Convinced about their individual influence, they create desirable patterns of proecological behaviour.

Open access
Technological Environment as a Factor of Development for Enterprises Providing Accommodation Services


Subject and purpose of work: The objective of this article was to present opinions of owners of all-year-round accommodation facilities operating within the area of the Lublin Voivodeship with regards to the meaning and manner of impacting on the development of enterprises by technological environment factors.

Materials and methods: In April and May of 2018 field research was realized by means of CAT method within the area of Lublin Voivodeship. The research covered 110 economic entities.

Results: The most numerous group of research participants - more than 80% considered the development of Internet as a rather contributing or definitely contributing to the growth of their economic entities. More than 60% of research participants noted that growth of computer systems, video and mobile telephones as well as development of transportation networks rather contributed to or definitely contributed to better functioning of accommodation facilities in the area of the Lublin Voivodeship.

Conclusions: Vast majority of entrepreneurs considered factors of technological environment, specified during research as contributing and definitely contributing to the development of Lublin accommodation facilities. The impact of Internet seems especially important. The type of commune does not differentiate in any statistically significant manner the entrepreneurs’ assesment regarding the impact related to the factors of technological environment on the growth of their companies.

Open access